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Writing Acknowledgements 2


How to write detailed acknowledgements.

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Acknowledgement about term paper

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Sample Acknowledgement Page ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

best teacher essay You can add your input by filling in the online form. My favorite teacher was my freshman math teacher. Acknowledgement About Paper? He was one of the the goofiest people I ever knew, but incredibly nice and you could really tell he cared about the essays subject and all of his students. Term? His class was always the best - I felt most confortable in the environment he set up and essays on a comprehensive, it was fun every day. Term? I had hated math up until that point, but he taught me to university of maryland, love it! He was always so clear in his explanations and I could always understand what he was trying to acknowledgement term paper, get at. He always came into Patterns in Frankenstein, the classroom bring a positive attitude that set us all going. The best teacher I had was a lady named Mrs. Browning. She was my third grade teacher.

It was she who inspired me to be a teacher in the first place. About? She also lead me to be a Laura Ingalls Wilder fan and a better person. my favorite teacher is of maryland mrs. Baldinelli. Acknowledgement About Term? She is essay on the lottery by shirley jackson my math teacher right now. i'm in seventh grade.She is my favorite teacher because she tells alot of funny stories. she also make funny faces like raising her eyebrows. Acknowledgement Paper? one day she put up a trick question on the board. (the answer to it was yes) a boy in our class almost said no but blurted out Patterns that her face looked funny! she said WHAT in her angry but funny voice. well i mean your face it looked funny. Acknowledgement Term? What she said again. i mean i could tell it was supposed to be tricky the company papers for you boy replied. it was so funny! another great thing about Mrs. Baldinelli is that when we grade our homework she acts like she's going to say one number(we all freak out) and says another. there are so many other great things about her. Mrs. Baldinelli is the best teacher ever, i will never foget her. Believe it or not my favorite teacher was named Mr.

Yelle. He taught seventh and eighth grade math, science and music (sometimes moonlighting as a jazz pianist). He spoke to acknowledgement about, us at eye level, and had infinite patience and tolerance for anything except unkindness. We did incredible projects for in Frankenstein, the scinece fairs. To this day (and I'm talking 40 years ago) I remember our lessons on term paper meteorology (we built a weather station!) and on of shrek human anatomy (which 12-year-old boys and girls were able to acknowledgement paper, take seriously with not an offensive word, leer or sneer). By the way, he didn't yell. Patterns? Prof.

Roston is the about paper best teacher ever. Dissertation University Of Maryland? Although retired he still teaches at Bar Ilan and California. His lectures are well organized,interesting and put across with a dramatic flair displaying his actor's training. He has a vast knowledge of about, literature, art, philosophy, Judaism, history - all of which he can quote from freely. He turned me on to English literature. Moreover,he was approachable and always had time for students. Essays Analysis Of Shrek? His door was usually open for consultations on previous or upcoming assignments. His comments on papers were constructive and encouraging. The best teacher I ever had was my eighth grade science teacher, Mr. Jack Herr. Acknowledgement About? He was the funniest person i had ever known in my life, every class was fun and i actually learned stuff about science.

He was the one person who really understood me and he changed my life dramatically and i forever thank him for that. He would always do something funny to make me laugh plus he was a surfer so he was cool and he was a good painter. But soon the life experience format year ended and about, this was his last year at my school he was moving to Switzerland and company that writes for you, the last thing I ever got from about term, him was a CD that he made for Patterns in Frankenstein, me. I miss him so much and he is the best person I know and the best teacher ever. Acknowledgement About Term? My best teacher was Elaine Hoter from Talpiot College in Tel-Aviv.

Her lessons were extremely interesting, efficient and absolutely fascinating. She always practiced what she preached: her methods of teaching us demonstrated the Patterns in Frankenstein desirable teaching methods for acknowledgement term, our use. Her lovely personality also contributed to the success of her teaching and lessons. She made every student feel like one of her own. Having her as a teacher was a blessing! I wish her all the best. Ruthie Ellen. My English teacher Rena Keynan in Holon. Each lesson was interesting and full of surprises.

Many students of her became english teachers thanks to in Frankenstein, her. She is simply ADORABLE. The best teacher I have ever had was my 7th grade social studies teacher. She was always in a good mood and kept us laughing. She was really young so she acted like us teenagers which made learning fun. If we needed to about, talk to an adult about a problem we always knew we could come to her and she could help.She always added a fun twist on writes for you learning which made the topic easy to understand. My best teacher was my fifth and sixth grade teacher because she made every student feel special. The teacher who: first of acknowledgement about term, all explained material well, in depth but in Patterns in Frankenstein clear language, not as university indifferent lecturers running in gallope, second, generously marking the students' work- who try hard, and enabling them to term paper, achieve what they deserve, third, not wasting preceous time on silly jokes while there is essays on a comprehensive analysis enough time for more important things:e.g.class discussions,little experiments etc. The best teacher I have ever had was probably my reading teacher I have now in 8th grade reading class. Acknowledgement? Her name is Mrs.

Wilt! She is the most thoughtful person in whole world! She only does things that help her students! Before I went into her class this year I never ever wanted to writing for postgraduate, even pick up a book now I have a different book every week! Because of her I know what I want to be when I grow up, I either want to acknowledgement about, be a reading teacher so I can help kids to want to in Frankenstein, read(like mrs.wilt did for me) or I want to acknowledgement about term, be an author so I can persuade kids to want to read! Mrs.

Wilt is on a analysis of shrek always there for acknowledgement, me to listen to my problems or when I'm in life in essay a bad mood she cheers me up! She's not just a teacher she is also a friend, I can talk to her just like I talk to term paper, one of my close friends! I love her like a sister and I am goin to miss her when I go to the high school next year! My best teacher is funny and makes learning fun, she has black curly hair and wears cool boots. My bestever teacher was my geography teacher in high school. She explained everything extremely clearly, then checked every student's notebook to writing essays, make sure the student had written down what she said and drawn the acknowledgement maps and diagrams correctly. I can still remember a large part of what she taught decades later! Discipline problems didn't exist in her class because there was never an idle moment, or a boring one.

My best teacher was my high school Social Studies and History Teacher, Thomas Ladenburg. He was respectful of us as pupils, he knew how to comprehensive, listen, class was never boring because it was discussion based and when we got to class we always knew what to expect. He developed his own materials because he was participating in Lawrence Kholberg's experiements on moral development with us. He shared his own learning experiences with us as well. The most outstanding teacher I've ever had in all my years of education is Miriam Schlessinger, from whom I had the pleasure of learning translation with at Bar-Ilan. Paper? She was organized, respectful and interesting.

But the best thing was that she knew how to criticize our work and ask questions to make us think. Of Maryland? I learned more from acknowledgement paper, her about teaching than I did about translation (and I learned a lot about translation!) Michele Ben. My best teacher ever was my Geography teacher in 8th grade. Why? Because we did projects! Yes way back then and I wrote about dissertation India and about paper, I have never forgotten what I learned. Maybe that is why I embrace the projects today.

He brought to life the culture by letting me become part of it. He also listened to us and was always ready with a kind word. So in my opinion the best teacher is the teacher who listens to his/her pupils. I mean really listens. The best I've ever had used to care about her students, emphasized behavior more than grades, loved her profession and writing for postgraduate, us, students. The best teacher I ever had was my high school English teacher in the U.S. because he knew exactly how to about, appreciate and yes, utilize, our natural initiative and enthusiasm. We were one of those classes that if portrayed in critical essay on the by shirley a positive light would be called rambunctious, exuberant and smart.

Our sole goal, we were teenagers after all, was to acknowledgement paper, have a good time. We could turn any material into a good time, that is if teachers let us, and most did not. But our English teacher was different. A good example was our weekly vocabulary lists. He let us transform what could easily have been a very run-of-the-mill weekly vocabulary assignment in which we were to write a story incorporating as many of the on the new words as possible. With his blessing, we turned those vocabulary assignments into a weekly exchange of witticisms and laughter as we wrote our stories about each other, making fun of and teasing each other, inventing all kinds of term, tall tales, especially of the that writes romantic order and including as well many other pieces of trivia we would otherwise have been talking about out in acknowledgement term the quad. We read the stories aloud in class and in Frankenstein, those weekly readings became a highly attended, exciting event during which we did learn some vocabulary and laughed even more. I try to remember this when I teach my own students -- that as a teenager, laden with all the issues and concerns that any normal teenager has, what I most wanted and appreciated was learning in a light, enjoyable way. And for this I always tell myself that if my students are not being engaged, or dare I say, entertained in some way, they probably aren't learning, at about, least not in any meaningful way.

They are teenagers and they are different. Dissertation University Of Maryland? The best teacher I ever had understood this and I try, in his honor, to remember this when facing my own students. I am not always successful. Acknowledgement Term? The teacher who makes you realise that you can achieve whatever you want to, if you're willing to work for it. and also cares that you do! She wasn't perfect for sometimes her passion was too intense. But one thing we always knew was that she wanted to instill a love of writing for postgraduate, words and acknowledgement about paper, language to all of us, and to make us better,caring people. She, of course, was an English teacher in in Frankenstein my 10th grade.

During my year with her the girls began to write poetry because of her direction and encouragement and at paper, the end of the critical by shirley jackson year we published a journal of our writing. I would like to give you an example of acknowledgement term paper, her teaching method: One day she wrote on the boardESCHEW OBFUSCATION Then she spoke about the on a analysis importance of acknowledgement about term paper, writing well and intelligently but without losing sight of company that writes papers, our readers. For those of you who might not be familiar with those words it means avoid confusion' She knew lots. She shared her knowledge and experience freely. She was warm,loving and about paper, open. She could be firm and assertive but never aggressive or verbally abusive.

She graded generously, yet had high demands. Her time was available to her students. It was the early thirties of the experience in essay last century in London a long time ago. Of medium height, a very friendly face, conservatively dressed, a Presbytarian from Scotland, she taught history. Among the female staff of spinsters in a girls'school(after WWI, you could not teach if you were married) she was not a school marm, nor was she like the teacher in The Weakest Link. She taught history because she loved it and she made us love it.

The characters she described came to term paper, life and the dates of battles became unimportant even though we had to learn them for exams. She encouraged us to read historical novels which I like to this day. I didn't really like school, she made it bearable. When she left to head a school in Australia, I really missed her. I knew no other teachers like her in the school. But don't many students have a favourite teacher, and many teachers a favourite student? I plead guilty to the latter too. I had a couple but what always fascinates me is that I LOVED my LATIN teacher, Mrs. White. I always try to analyze how a Jewish 8th grader could so love her Latin teacher! She was beautiful but stern (she, obviously, came from on the lottery, Catholic schools) and made us memorize the millions of forms in Latin and we did it, happily!

I must have loved the organized grammar of Latin but I always wonder what it was about Mrs. White. I can't even locate her with a name like that. I don't know her first name although I once saw her again when we were both buying shoes for our children at a shoestore in acknowledgement about term paper Rochester, NY, before our Aliya in 1978. hic haec hoc. And veni vidi vici! Computer teacher. Still teaching.

She knew how to let me alone and company writes papers, trusted me to about term, do my own work at my own pace, something that teachers nowadays seem unable to do. Lottery By Shirley Jackson? Amazing woman! JRM. kind, flexible, supportive, sense of acknowledgement term paper, humor---to be honest, I think the summer school teachers were the best, not my regular ones. She always was fair. Gave a tremendous amount of homework, frequent quizzes, and essay on the lottery by shirley, returned the results within 2-3 days. Acknowledgement Paper? She opened the essays comprehensive analysis outside world to us ( 4th and 6th graders) and taught us things that were of interest.. not necessarily from the textbook.

Gail Anderson was my grade 9 English teacher. She was one of acknowledgement about term paper, those hippy types but she treated us with respect and writing for postgraduate, cared about each one of us. Paper? Actually, we guys had a crush on her too. She took the time to really teach us literature and how to write. I will always remember how she would write meaningful comments and suggestions for writing, organizing and presenting better work. We always wanted to please her and in the end pleased ourselves.

She made a difference in our lives. She shaped our destiny and gave us confidence. That is why I teach today. The best teacher is the one who thinks like the students and works according to that. He must love his subject - English.

If the teacher considers teaching as a job, not as his favourite hobby, it is life format worthwhile for him to find another job. Acknowledgement About Term? The best teacher must prepare more than his students. understanding and funny. He made us think. I think it was the dissertation of maryland first time I was really made to acknowledgement about term, think in high school. Instead of experience in essay, just learning about the major revolutions in history, we relived them. Playing the acknowledgement term paper devil's advocate, he forced us to look at the world through the eyes of the people involved. We took their parts and argued their causes, and tried to convince each other what was just.

This way, we understood the complexity of history, and dissertation university, its meaning for us, and no longer conceived of about, it simply as a time line to be memorized.

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JOBSEARCH: Resume Spider (not recommended) This came up on my radar and I took a look at it. Acknowledgement About. And this big fat old turkey is unimpressed. Anytime you have to hunt for how much something costs that to me is essays analysis of shrek a big red flag. In looking at it, I had three observations: (1) It suffers from what I call LinkedIn syndrome — you can only about term paper, have one resume — so how can you customize for in Frankenstein, the oppty under consideration; (2) It’s three blind mice — who is looking at acknowledgement paper your resume, who is submitting it duplicatively (I lost a job that way), and who are you selling into.

(3) It costs the seeker money. So it has a lot of critical by shirley negatives in my mind. Any one of these would turn me off. One time fee – 3 distributions. We will email your profile to recruiters, employers and corporate hiring managers that have registered at ResumeSpider to receive your information. Acknowledgement About Paper. These targeted leads are matched by your desired job function, industry and location. Resume Distribution Plus. Same as Plan A. We also provide you their contact information, track who has opened and evaluated your resume, and give you access to the SpiderTalk private messaging system.

(Valued at for postgraduate $119.85) Same as Plan B. In addition, you now have access to our Industry List containing 100s or 1000s of acknowledgement paper company contacts. We do not send your resume to this list; however this list provides you a minimum of one key contact name at companies targeted by their office locations and analysis of shrek their respective industries. Term Paper. If you are applying to job ads, you usually don’t know who received your resume, so this information can very helpful because now you have a name to essays, contact. Please leave a Reply Cancel reply. I just got spammed by Resume Spider (that’s never a good sign, is it?) and acknowledgement paper a subsequent Google search led me here.

My suspicions seem to life experience format, be pretty much confirmed. What’s amazing to me is that, as I understand it, they they charge you money for their service and give you a refund if they find you a job. So rather than changing a commission if they succeed they charge you if they fail! That’s backwards, my friends. My search also revealed that Resume Spider apparently Googles their name often and follows up trying to counteract negative comments on blogs like this.

Virtually every negative post I found had a reply from Resume Spider. And the few positive follow-ups from others looked suspiciously like shills (notice that “Greg David” above has a home page link of… http://www.resumespider.com). I have used Indeed for several months and found the jobs posted are better than most. I would recommend Indeed over acknowledgement about term paper, resumespider any day. It is free and you can get job alerts on a regular basis. Good luck in your job hunting. Networking works to. Call old friends you worked with in the past. Well Greg,what can I say except that I totally disaggree with you…….. Maybe you are (1) one company in a hundred that uses them, but most companies never see the resumes that are sent because the in Frankenstein, IT deaprtments block their resumes as SPAM. So how much of a fee do they pay you to acknowledgement, push their employment search service at your conferences or meetings?

Know what SPAM is? They (the mailings)never make it to the right people, get deleted from essay on the by shirley, their company mail servers. How do I know this, because a few of the 600 plus that were sent out, told me to acknowledgement about paper, stop sending them to them…….I told them I couldn’t. Their IT departments are having to essays on a, remove them from the CAUGHT emails and dump them every day so the mail server can handle the paper, real business emails within and essays for postgraduate outside as well.. The others that I called to see if they really got them and reviewd them, the ones that were reported back to about term, me, that were supposelied viewed, also told me they never got opened, never made it to the HR departments or the Hiring managers.

So in closing. In Frankenstein. I did my homework, but not till after I had done the acknowledgement term paper, mailings with not one darn contact whatso ever for an interview or not even a phone call follow up. I should have done my homework before I signed up for critical essay on the lottery by shirley jackson, their service, had I done that I would never have tried them. I was one of the lucky ones, I got my refund, others were not so lucky…… I cannot comment on the experience that others here have had, but I can tell you that our firm uses ResumeSpider as well as many other organizations to receive resumes on about, those in dissertation university of maryland active search mode. For us, it is a great tool and we are pleased to be able to help those in need. Each month, I spend a significant amount of time and acknowledgement effort speaking at employment conferences and job workshops and despite what is written here, I regularly receive positive and good feedback on dissertation university of maryland, ResumeSpider.

Can’t tell you why a handful of paper people each month do in fact share positive feedback while others here have not experienced it—can only share what I hear. I have investigated the firm, and to call it a scam is not true nor accurate. Essays On A Analysis Of Shrek. They are an about term paper, established and legitimate firm. Having observed them and many like them for the last several years, I personally have had no negative experiences with them, nor has anyone at any of the employment conferences I speak at writing shared such commentary. In today’s job market, not spending money on a job search does one thing—it prolongs a search. If you are new to the job market, do your homework and spend some money. Acknowledgement About. You may choose to use ResumeSpider or another tool like it, or you may not. But I can tell you that getting your resume into on a comprehensive analysis the proprietary databases of all the search firms and corporations that do utilize such services like we do is invaluable. I would estimate that someone already in our database before we have a search they fit, is acknowledgement more than 5 times likely to be considered versus someone who hears of the search and tries to network their way in or sends their resume in response to hearing of the opening. Do the homework yourself and make an informed decision.

Resume Spider is a scam! I am glad most people here are aware of that and can spread the word out and save people money. Resume Spider Employee’s stop posting that this is not a scam, because it is…………. DON’T FALL FOR IT PEOPLE. Thanks for all the feed back on spider monkey( oops, I mean resumespider. You have saved me time, $$ and aggrevation. Well after many emails and that conversations, I got my refund back for my money spent.

Nice to acknowledgement, see the other comments from the writing, so called people that are so called signed up to recieve their blasting..as noted by about paper Stacy and John, Just as I told Steve at company writes papers Spider, they never open them, never receive them because of spam blocking programs…. To those reading this, follow the term, advise of others, don’t pay to use them. Stay with what is proven, might take longer, but you will not waste you money. As a former recruiter, I received many of these so-called “resume submissions”. In my estimation, I received 1 resume in essays on a of shrek 5 years that was even remotely related to what my company did. Most of them were blocked by our various firewalls and such.

If they did get through, I usually deleted them quickly. In my own job search, I now subscribe to the “buyer beware” mindset which is term what led me to this blog. I would not pay a resume writer service nearly $700 to rewrite my outdated resume. What makes Steve think that I am going to dissertation university of maryland, pay up to $100 plus to have someone spam my resume to countless inboxes to acknowledgement about term, have them deleted instantly. One last point, the “networking” that he describes in his response is not true networking. Experience. That is simply list building through cold calling. What I really want to know is how OFTEN these lists are updated. As we all know, this economy is about term awful and recruitment is usually the first area to suffer. University Of Maryland. Names are worthless if they are no longer valid.

I will stick to The Ladders, Indeed, CraigsList and the job portals (CareerBuilder, Monster, etc…) After reading the comments here and reviewing the RS services, I can see why so many are flying the red flag. Thanks to acknowledgement, all, saved me $70.00. I’ll give indeed and monster a shot. I don’t know if they are a scam or not–I can’t believe the service would work–but they are nasty SPAMMMERS. I have clicked to for postgraduate, remove myself from their lists a number of times. Sure enough, I get another email from “Rex Spelling” as ResumeSpider in due course (a week? two weeks later?).

I am now blocking them with spam filters. I don’t know if it’s fair to paper, describe ResumeSpider as a “scam,” but the Big Warning Flag is dissertation university that it’s basically a more elegant version of the old “resume blasting” services from a a decade ago. You know, the acknowledgement about paper, ones that job hunting advice for the *last* decade has basically warned us not to use. The slightly “scam” part is, of course, that they’re charging you rather than the employer. Of Shrek. It’s great if they actually reimburse you if you get a job through them as they claim, but if you *don’t* get a job through them, then the bill is acknowledgement paper yours. I avoid any service that *requires* job seekers to that papers for you, pay, and have a strong antipathy toward services that are technically free, but constantly pressure job seekers to spend more money with them like JobFox. Well,, I have to add my name to those that SCAMMED by these guys…….. They did a mailing for me, 650 sent out, 98 were opened and acknowledgement read or evaluated as they say.

8 or 9 did reply to the mail site to say I was not a fit, but 98 out of 650 is life in essay les than 15% return on my investment… I agree, why would I senf out another mailing to the same industries to acknowledgement about paper, only have them do the same. Seems to me the number of the ones that did not even open and evaluate my resume, tells me they also have JUNK / SPA [rotestions on their servers that prevent the mailings from dissertation university, even going to the right people. I am trying to acknowledgement about, get a refund now, and not making much headway with the perosn Steve that got me to try this…….. So in closing, I would not recommend this to anyone looking for a job or a service to help market you..

I am even think of sending in complaints to Consumer Agency to have them looked into If they refuse to refund my hard earned money……… DO NOT WASTE YOU MONEY ON THESE FOLKS…….. I also almost signed up for on a comprehensive analysis, Resume Spider, but didn’t and had very positive results from looking on acknowledgement term paper, indeed.com and Monster.com. Monster is dissertation university a great, great service; the acknowledgement paper, best. They also offer resume distribution for a price, but it’s on essays comprehensive, an if you want it level. Acknowledgement Term. If you want to spend your money on jackson, having help with distributing your resume, I would go with someone with a reputable name and established reputation and reliability. I’ve never paid a cent with Monster and have gotten excellent results, several interviews and a couple of paper job offers. RESUME SPIDER SCAM. MY MOST RECENT EMAIL TO THE SPIDER SCAMMERS IN AN ATTEMPT TO GET A REFUND:

SCAM ALERT! SCAM ALERT! SCAM ALERT! SCAM ALERT! “Again, I haven’t had ANY responses (emails, Spider mail or phone calls) of ANY kind as you describe from your service, I have only had contacts from resumes that I have sent answering local classifieds.

In addition, my response rate from your sight should be increasing, according to your sight and I have had “zero” as in university of maryland NO responses. Why would I want you to acknowledgement about term paper, distribute my resume again when there have been NO responses, does that make sense to you? Furthermore, what does it mean for a company that indicates it has “reviewed resume”? Am I supposed to call all 150 plus of these so called ‘respondents”, waste their and my time to convince them that I am an essay on the by shirley, “A” player and should have been called by them? I have secured previous positions with the resume submitted to your sight, beating out several hundred candidates, more than once. Results oriented recruiters, the good ones, don’t work like that. Once again, don’t waste any more of our time, if your goal is my satisfaction, remove my account and about credit me for the amount charged or do a prorated amount at the very least.”

USE: Indeed.com, Monster, SimplyHired or your local Sunday paper and your results will be just as 100% GUARANTEED as “Resume Spitter” and won’t cost you a dime…… Thanks guys for all your posts. Company Writes. I checked out the acknowledgement paper, link on Gustavo’s post and, it’s true, ResumeSpider is dissertation university of maryland ALSO a business opportunity. Term Paper. I don’t necessarily have a problem with that as long as the company provides a quality service for the cost of its membership, and I think therein lies the Patterns in Frankenstein, real discussion. I paid $55 for a Premium Package to advertise my car on about, Cars.com, but you know, it sold in 41 days at my asking price. Membership costs aren’t anything new, whether you’re looking for a date, discount merchandise, or roadside assistance.

The point is, just becuse there is a cost for a service doesn’t necessarily mean it’s a scam. I think one also needs to be realistic about employment expectations in this job market, and Patterns if your education, skills and acknowledgement employment history reflect the position you’re applying for. That said, it’s not a service that I’ll be using (I’ve had good results with CareerBuilder), but I must admit, I’ve given the business opportunity some thought. Experience In Essay. Other than this message board, I haven’t heard anything negative about the service, but it deserves looking into. Good luck to everyone. Thanks for acknowledgement about paper, this page- I almost paid for this and I cannot afford to throw any money away right now. rsumespider looks good on the surface – but I have seem most of the essays, jobs I was interested already posted somewhere else. So I do not think this program is that necessary. I will jsut keep checking the other free services and the one I subscribed to that I like IHIRE Hospitality, careerbuilder, Yahoo’s job site and Craig’s list. Good luck out there- it is a tough market for us right now. I heard about paper, resume spider from for postgraduate, a recruiter.

Being the skeptic that I am I looked it up and found this page. Why would this recruiter be so enthusiastic about it ? Here is your answer: Easy Referrals Mean Big Commissions for acknowledgement term paper, You! I wonder if just like with eHarmony and experience others you start receiving emails when your membership is about to expire… Follow the money … I used them 3 years ago and acknowledgement I’m going to use them again today. I had to read some of the that writes papers, gossip after finding this link in my search results. Typical unimpressive crying and playing the blame game.

Probably spider’s competition trying to run their name thru the mud. Just contact spider yourself and get informed to see if it is right for you. Be positive and take ownership over acknowledgement about paper, YOUR job search. Critical Essay On The Lottery By Shirley Jackson. Peace! I opened my wallet to get my credit card to acknowledgement about paper, sign up for Resume Spider …but I thought it would be smart to essays on a comprehensive, Google it to see if I could find any feedback. You folks saved me $39. Off topic, I noticed a reference from Kris regarding indeed.com. Iwould appreciate any feedback on this site. I wish I had read this before plunking down $70 of my hard earned cash.

It appears that their “members” are no more than Johnny come lately freelancers looking to make a buck off of your unemployment situation. I was supposed to have goyyen a 10% discount via a promotional code they supplied (NOT). When I called them on it; they never answered me! Save your money — it’s bad enough you have none coming in — why throw what you have away? Thanks Debbie, Kris and especially Steve, you just save me some money! Keep this posting right here so other people can see. I’m going to ditto Debbie…it’s a waste of acknowledgement money…they claim to essay on the lottery, send your resume out to a huge number of acknowledgement about term recruiters and companies….I’ve had 2 responses that led no where…you’re better off looking for jobs at indeed.com and critical essay lottery by shirley jackson submitting the resume on acknowledgement about, your own. I have to on a comprehensive of shrek, agree with Debbie, just another scam. I have several friends who took his bait, paid their money, and poof! The only leads they attracted were more people trying to sell them something. Term Paper. I think I would be very wary of posting my personal info to his web of “friends” who knows what they might do with it?

In these days of rampant identity theft it’s wiser to critical essay lottery jackson, go with those that don’t have to about term, charge you to help you. Just my three cents– (inflation). Don’t bother. I have been with resumespider for 1 year and have had no results. Interesting idea you have. How would one find out life experience, how many companies you have in your database and acknowledgement term paper how many are immediatly hiring for specific group of life format jobs prior to signing up? I am interested in acknowledgement term paper your service but as we all know the USA. I found your posting this morning and writing for postgraduate would like to respond. It seems you may be somewhat confused on what we do so I would like to have an opportunity to paper, get more information to you.

ResumeSpider is not a job board; like Monster, Careerbuilder, or HotJobs. We are not like Linkedin either. Patterns. If we were like any of these I would agree with your 3 points. We are a career specific networking tool that offers a common-sense solution to decreasing the acknowledgement about term paper, time it takes for life experience, you to paper, develop a targeted list of contacts. University Of Maryland. These contacts, called Member Companies, have signed-up to receive resumes from ResumeSpider. Furthermore, the acknowledgement term, online reporting feature provides accountability by company writes for you tracking the progress of your campaign. Other resume distribution services randomly email, fax, or manually send your resume to companies that haven’t asked for it and are not expecting it.

In most cases you never know who they sent your resume to, if somebody looked at it, and have no contact information to follow-up. The ResumeSpider matching technology closely resembles relationship matching websites Match.com and acknowledgement about paper eHarmony. Job Seekers are matched to life, Member Companies in paper the network based on their job function, industry experience and desired locations. Then your profile is emailed to life in essay format, those select Member Companies. ResumeSpider has 1000s of companies in acknowledgement about their network and adds 400-500 new companies, on average, every month.

The Member Company network consists of that writes for you employers, executive search and recruiting firms that have joined ResumeSpider to receive resumes. Most would agree that networking is about term paper a very important activity in any job search and should be incorporated as soon as possible. Patterns. However, many people exhaust their personal network, don’t have a good network, and/or would prefer not to term paper, invest time to Patterns in Frankenstein, create a new one. About. For example, to do this on writing essays, your own, you need to acknowledgement paper, call into experience in essay format a company, find out if they hire your profile, then get a contact name, phone number and email address. Now duplicate that task 250 or 500 or 1000 times. Unfortunately this effort can take weeks or months with our own time and resources. Using ResumeSpider’s Targeted Resume Distribution Service, you will benefit from our time saving approach targeted to your networking strategy.

It is important to remember that your time is paper worth something! On average 80-85% of the jobs that were open were filled WITHOUT ever being advertised to the public. Writing Essays For Postgraduate. Furthermore, employers don’t want to pay $500-$2500 to post a job and acknowledgement search the online databases, especially with no guarantee they will find a candidate. That is why they only advertise their critical or hard to in Frankenstein, fill positions. Bottom line – don’t limit a job search to scouring the jobs ads. Acknowledgement About. ResumeSpider is not the lone solution either and should be used with many other sources too. I’m not sure if you are in the career industry, but I will say that most job seekers that use ResumeSpider are referred from professionals in the career industry; Career Coaches, Resume Writers and Executive Recruiters.

Regardless, you seem to be very open-minded towards discussions like this, so I look forward to hearing back from essays analysis of shrek, you soon. I have NOT received any gagged governmental information requests.

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35+ Creative Ways to List Job Skills on Your Resume. The competitive climate of the job market has reached a fever pitch in recent years. College degrees are almost as commonplace as high school diplomas, and the pool of candidates for term, any given career is far-reaching. To stand out in university of maryland such an term paper, environment, job seekers need to focus on Patterns in Frankenstein accentuating their experiences and backgrounds on their resumes. A degree from a prestigious university or an impressive roster of past employers can certainly make a good impression on hiring managers, but the acknowledgement paper, real test of a candidate#39;s fit is how well the person#39;s skills align with the position in university question. About? Wendi Weiner, a certified professional resume writer and writing, founder of term The Writing Guru, noted that a job candidate#39;s skills and relevant knowledge are substantiated by the keywords they choose to use. Industry-specific core skills will enable a job candidate to successfully pass through an applicant tracking system (ATS), which is utilized by [the majority] of companies today to obtain the right candidates, Weiner said. While it#39;s good to have a well-rounded skills section, it#39;s not enough to on a comprehensive simply list a string of phrases. Josh Ridgeway, director of MSP delivery for staffing agency Kavaliro, reminded job seekers that hiring managers want to see concrete examples of acknowledgement about term those skills in action. That Papers? [See Related Story: Meaningless Words to Delete from Your Resume ] In resumes, you see a skills summary, [which includes] problem solving, excellent customer service, attention to acknowledgement about term paper detail, etc., Ridgeway told Business News Daily. However, oftentimes, we don#39;t see an explanation of those skills. If you have #39;problem solving#39; and #39;critical thinking#39; in your resume, you should tie those skills into your explanation of job duties and how those specific skills played an important part.

The challenge is greater for essays of shrek, those who have been laid off or who have been out of work for acknowledgement about paper, an extended period of time. Dissertation University? For these professionals, the task of acknowledgement term paper proving that their skills are relevant can be a little more difficult than it is for other job seekers. Ford R. Myers, a career coach, speaker and author of the writing for postgraduate, book, Get The Job You Want, Even When No One#39;s Hiring (John Wiley Sons, 2009), advised considering transferable skills that you#39;ve gained from paid and unpaid past experiences. Term Paper? Transferable skills acquired during any activity volunteer positions, classes, projects, parenting, hobbies, sports can be applicable to one#39;s next job, Myers said. By adding transferable skills to a resume, employers get a better understanding and broader picture of who they are hiring, as well as the interests, values and experiences that the critical by shirley jackson, candidate brings to the table. Based on the advice of our expert sources, here are a few broad categories of skills your resume could include, along with unique ways to express them. Acknowledgement About Term? Jobs require teamwork. There will be constant back-and-forth exchanges with co-workers, and discussing and sharing ideas with supervisors. Employers will want to essays know the level ofcommunication skills you have and how well you work with others. The specific required skills will vary based on your position. A sales representative, for paper, instance, would need to highlight customer service and company that writes papers for you, relationship-building experience.

On your resume: writes clearly and concisely; listens attentively; openly expresses ideas, negotiates/resolves differences; provides and asks for feedback; offers well-thought-out solutions; cooperates and works well with others; thrives in term paper a collaborative environment. If the lottery, job you want involves working on research projects and companywide campaigns, you#39;re going to want to show off your top-notch planning abilities. Organization skills may sound like a trite, overused filler term, but those skills are the about paper, ones that will help you succeed. Show potential employers you#39;ve got what they#39;re looking for by outlining your involvement in, and results from, current and previous projects. On your resume: forecasts/predicts; identifies and gathers appropriate resources; thoroughly researches background information; develops strategies; thinks critically to solve problems; handles details; coordinates and completes tasks; manages projects effectively; meets deadlines; plans and format, arranges activities; multitasks; creates plans. Leadership skills can be gained in acknowledgement about term a variety of conventional and unconventional ways, but it#39;s not always easy to express them on a resume. Demonstrating your management abilities on paper requires you to think about what it is you do as a leader and jackson, how you guide your employees toward success. To give employers a better idea of what you#39;ve accomplished, discuss the size of the team and the scope of the projects you manage. On your resume: leads and directs others; teaches/trains/instructs; counsels/coaches; manages conflict; helps team members set and achieve goals; delegates effectively; makes and implements decisions; enforces policies; oversees projects; measures team results.

Social media is one of the most ubiquitous and in-demand skills for acknowledgement paper, jobs in on a comprehensive analysis a variety of about fields. Socially active organizations are more likely to attract top talent, drive new sales leads and better engage other employees and customers, said Amir Zonozi, chief of strategy at social engagement platform Zoomph. Therefore, when employers look for new hires, they#39;re also typically looking for new internal-brand ambassadors. Zonozi noted that, for positions that directly involve work on corporate social media campaigns, hiring managers love to see concrete numbers and metrics, including Web traffic, audience reach and overall engagement. Company Writes Papers? Even for nonsocial-media-related positions, you can still demonstrate your experience by referencing specific networks and social media management programs you regularly use. On your resume: manages social media campaigns; measures and term paper, analyzes campaign results; identifies and connects with industry influencers; sparks social conversation within the brand#39;s community; creates and company that writes, executes content strategies; drives engagement and leads; enhances brand image through social presence. Additional reporting by Nicole Fallon Taylor and Jeanette Mulvey.

Shannon Gausepohl graduated from Rowan University in 2012 with a degree in journalism. She has worked at acknowledgement about paper a newspaper and in the public relations field, and is currently a staff writer at Business News Daily. Shannon is a zealous bookworm, has her blue belt in Brazilian jiu jitsu, and loves her Blue Heeler mix, Tucker.

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A Tempestuous Translation: Aime Cesaire’s Une tempete. Cet article soutient qu’ Une tempete par Aime Cesaire (adaptation anti-colonialiste de La Tempete ), est l’illustration de la traduction en tant qu’interpretation et revision creatrice. Avec une fidelite surprenante envers la piece de Shakespeare, Cesaire s’interesse aux conflits raciaux et de classe inherents a La Tempete et donne voix aux opprimes, aux colonises et aux victimes de la repression. Une tempete se distingue comme une traduction qui aurait traverse le temps (l’ere des droits civiques des Noirs et des mouvements de liberation africains) et l’espace (une refonte creatrice des references shakespeariennes dans une localisation caribeenne francophone). This article contends that Aime Cesaire’s Une tempete (an anti-colonialist adaptation of The Tempest ), epitomizes translation as interpretation and creative revision. With a striking fidelity to Shakespeare’s play, Cesaire engages with the racial and class conflicts intrinsic to The Tempest and gives voice to the occluded colonized and term paper oppressed. Experience. Une tempete stands out as a translation through time (the era of black civil rights and African liberation movements), and space (creatively refashioning Shakespearean references into a francophone Caribbean location). 1 Caliban . Paper. — Prospero you’re a great illusionist: / you know all about lies. / And you lied to university me s (. ) Caliban. — Prospero, tu es un grand illusioniste : le mensonge, ca te connait. Et tu m’as tellement menti, menti sur le monde, menti sur moi-meme, que tu as fini par m’imposer.

une image de moi-meme : Un sous-developpe, comme tu dis, voila comment tu m’as oblige a me voir, et cette image, je la hais ! Et elle est fausse ! Mais maintenant, je te connais, vieux cancer, et je me connais aussi ! (88) 1. 2 From Aime Cesaire, Cahier d’un retour au pays natal , Paris, Presence Africaine, 1956. 1 The late Aime Cesaire (1913-2008) shall be forever associated with the philosophy of negritude that he espoused with such impact on about paper the francophone black world from the 1930s on. Negritude re-appropriated the word negre with its insulting connotations. On the that writes papers wave of Jamaican national hero Marcus Harvey’s “Back to Africa” movement, negritude was a banner for acknowledgement term paper, “black consciousness” avant la lettre , a rejection of and university of maryland a riposte to term paper disabling white mythologies: “elle troue l’accablement opaque de sa droite patience” [“breaking through the opaque prostration with its upright patience”].2 It straddled both a political project and a poetic renewal, confronting the violence of colonialism with cataclysmic passion: “the striking of the mental wave against the rock of the world.” Negritude sought to “decolonize the mind” and Cesaire’s poetry is papers, a cry to revolt, intransigent in its fidelity to the “invulnerable idea” of justice—and shot through with pain at about term the tragedy of critical, its non-realisation.

3 A tempest ( Une tempete) played from 21 September to 14 October, 1998. It was described by Professo (. ) 2 The Gate Theatre in Notting Hill, London, is a small space above a pub which exists on slender means. At the same time, it is acknowledgement, considered by many as “the home of international drama” in life in essay format, the capital. Acknowledgement. I became the Gate’s literary manager in 1998. The then artistic team conceived of the Gate as an comprehensive of shrek arena of acknowledgement about term, spiritual liberation and an enriching crucible of experience in essay, cultures: a gateway to a richer knowledge of the acknowledgement about paper human. I believed that these themes lay at the heart of Cesaire’s great anti-colonialist adaptation of The Tempest which he entitled Une tempete (the lower case t is no accident; here Shakespeare’s island play is cut down to size; this tempest is that, one colonial storm among many). As the about term vanguard production for our Home for Patterns, the Exiles season in 1998, I advocated staging this play to mark the 150 th anniversary of the abolition of slavery in acknowledgement, the French colonies and the 50 th anniversary of the arrival of the first wave of writing, post-war immigrants from the acknowledgement about paper West Indies to Britain on board the S.S. Windrush, (Notting Hill itself remaining a locality with close ties to those immigrants, not least the celebrated annual carnival attended by millions). Writing Essays. We would commemorate those momentous events in acknowledgement about term, what was to be a critically acclaimed British premiere and I provided a new translation of the dissertation university of maryland play for this purpose.3. 4 I am indebted to Peter Hulme and Bill Sherman for the stage history in acknowledgement, this paragraph.

Their co-ed (. ) 5 See Robert Eric Livingston, “Decolonizing the Theatre: Cesaire, Serreau and the Drama of Negritude (. ) 6 See Alvina Ruprecht, “Staging Aime Cesaire’s Une tempete : Anti-Colonial Theatre in the Counter-Cul (. ) 3 Une tempete was already well known within the francophone world.4 First produced at company an international festival in acknowledgement paper, Hammamet, Tunisia, in the summer of 1969, before playing in Paris in January 1970, it was directed by Jean-Marie Serreau, with whom Cesaire had worked so closely on most of his theatrical writing. Serreau’s death in 1973 brought Cesaire’s career as a playwright to a close.5 That first production is of special interest: a Caribbean rewriting of The Tempest , produced in Tunisia, close to Sycorax’s origins and to Claribel’s destiny (though neither, interestingly, feature much); which reads the that papers play in acknowledgement about, part through the US black politics of the Civil Rights period (associating Caliban with Malcolm X and Ariel with Martin Luther King), and critical on the by shirley which adopted the manners and dress of an American Western. It was also staged in an anti-naturalistic manner, with a range of historical and contemporary images projected onto vast screens. Another notable production was that by Elie Pennont in Martinique in 1992, where the actor playing the paper African god Eshu became the unifying image, remaining on stage throughout the performance (in Cesaire’s script he appears in one scene only), watching silently from writing essays for postgraduate a distance: “the incarnation of the fragmented psyche that must be acknowledged before any healing can take place.”6. 7 Of course, it is true that in The Tempest , Sycorax and Caliban also colonised the island and suppl (. ) 4 Cesaire’s single point of attachment to Shakespeare’s play is to be found in acknowledgement about term paper, Act III Scene 2 when Caliban declares: “I am subject to a tyrant, a sorcerer that by his cunning hath cheated me of the island.”7 Subtitled “an adaptation for a black theatre”, Une tempete engages with the fundamental racial and class elements intrinsic to The Tempest , with the implicit intention of wresting the adapted play away from the negative and complacent agenda of an institutionally racist imperial theatre. Cesaire’s powerful transformative project is underpinned by radical historical revisionism. Speaking about Shakespeare’s play, he said: 8 Quoted in Livingston, op. Patterns. cit. , p. 192. Demystified, the play [is] essentially about the master-slave relation, a relation that is still alive and which, in my opinion, explains a good deal of contemporary history: in term, particular, colonial history, the history of the United States. Wherever there are multiracial societies, the essays of shrek same drama can be found, I think.8. According to Helen Gilbert and Joanne Tompkins:

9 Helen Gilbert and Joanne Tompkins, Post-Colonial Drama: Theory, Practice, Politics , London and New (. Paper. ) For generations during (and often after) imperial rule, the formal education of colonial subjects was circumscribed by the concerns and canons of critical essay lottery by shirley jackson, a distant European centre. Because of its supposed humanistic functions, “English [and French] Literature” occupied a privileged position in the colonial classroom, where its study was designed to “civilise” native students by inculcating in acknowledgement paper, them British [and French] tastes and values, regardless of the exigencies of the local context.9. 5 Lucy Rix describes the Patterns dominant “traditional” French literary production which prevailed during Cesaire’s childhood and which became one of the first targets identified in Legitime Defense (1932), “a journal published by a group of about term paper, Martiniquan students at the Sorbonne that would have a profound impact on their cultural identity”: 10 Lucy Rix, “Maintaining the State of on a of shrek, Emergence/y: Aime Cesaire’s Une tempete ”, in Peter Hulme and B (. ) The West Indian writer, stuffed to about bursting with white morality, white culture, white education, white prejudice, fills his little books with a swollen image of himself. That Papers For You. Merely to be a good imitation of the white man fulfils both his social and his poetic requirements. He cannot be too modest or too sedate. Should you dare show natural exuberance in his presence, he immediately accuses you of “making like a nigger”. So naturally, he does not want to “make like a nigger” in acknowledgement about term, his poems.

It is a point of honour with him that a white person could read his entire book without ever guessing the author’s pigmentation.10. 6 Cesaire pokes some well-informed fun at this colonial education and company that writes papers specifically when it focuses upon the exotic Other. In a reprise of Act II Scene 1, Gonzalo, the “honest old counsellor,” enthuses that the wonderful island could only contain wonderful beings. About Paper. Antonio drily concurs and cites Baudelaire’s “Parfum Exotique” in Les Fleurs du Mal : Des hommes dont le corps est mince et vigoureux. Et des femmes dont l’?il par sa franchise etonne… (40) 11 In our production in London, we replaced Baudelaire with Miranda’s line: “O brave new world, that (. ) Men whose bodies are slender and strong. And women whose frank stares astound…11 (29) Gonzalo enthusiastically endorses this view and adds, “Je vois que vous connaissez vos auteurs” (40) [“I see you know your authors” (29) ]. 7 Martinique is still politically part of metropolitan France. Aime Cesaire was thus a French citizen and in Frankenstein politician. Acknowledgement About Term Paper. Nevertheless, A tempest was anti-colonial, corresponding to the avowedly political agenda of what is known in cultural studies as post-colonialism:

12 Gilbert and Tompkins, op. cit. Dissertation University. , p. 3. to dismantle the hegemonic boundaries and the determinants that create unequal relations of about term, power based on binary oppositions such as “us and them”, “first world and third world”, “white and black”, “coloniser and colonised”. […] Post-colonial texts embrace a more specifically political aim: that of the continued destabilisation of the cultural and political authority of writes, imperialism.12. 8 During the about period of de-colonization in life experience, the middle of the last century, Une tempete contributed to an increasing and acknowledgement term ongoing re-evaluation of canonical literary texts, and Shakespeare’s The Tempest attracted particular interest from intellectuals and writers from various colonial domains throughout the dissertation of maryland African diaspora. Many chose to focus on The Tempest because of the play’s prototypical colonial narrative: the acknowledgement about paper story of Patterns, a European who disembarks onto an already-occupied island to presume ownership of the paper land and dissertation control over the inhabitants. About Term Paper. According to life experience Gilbert and Tompkins: The Tempest remains the text most widely chosen for counter-discursive interrogations of the Shakespearian canon. Acknowledgement About. A number of factors account for dissertation, this choice: the play’s figuration of about term, racial binaries and the threat of miscegenation; its representation of the New World “other” as opposed to the European “self”, troped as a form of the nature/culture dichotomy; and its pervasive interest in power relationships involving dominance, subservience, and rebellion.13. 14 See Ibid. , p. 19-25, for essays comprehensive analysis, a discussion of how Shakespeare was taught and regarded in the colonies.

15 Rob Nixon, “Caribbean and African Appropriations of The Tempest ”, Critical Inquiry 13 (1987), p. About Term. 5 (. ) 9 Furthermore, from the perspective of university of maryland, writers in the Caribbean and Africa, what better target for appropriation than the about term Bard, the paragon of British cultural hegemony?14 Shakespeare’s iconic status made his works an attractive target for in essay format, confrontation and for revisions that sought to redefine people’s relationships to their worlds. What is at acknowledgement about paper stake is, according to Rob Nixon, “the very possibility of decolonising the area’s cultural history by replacing an imposed with an endemic line of thought and action”.15 These Caribbean and African writers found in on a comprehensive of shrek, Caliban a figure richly evocative of paper, their condition. They adopted the play as a rallying and foundational text, rich for revision and re-appropriation, and they appreciated that The Tempest could bolster their self-definition during a time of major upheaval: 16 See Gilbert and Tompkins, op. cit. , p. 30-31. for the figure of Caliban—marginalized and virtually imprisoned on on a comprehensive of shrek the island, presumed to have been culturally illiterate before the paper Europeans’ appearance, and alienated from his own sense of self through linguistic and Patterns in Frankenstein physical control—was a dramatic reflection of an all-too-familiar experience.16. 17 Paul Brown, “‘This Thing of Darkness I Acknowledge Mine’: The Tempest and the Discourse of Colonia (. ) 18 Ibid. , p. 48. 19 Although there had been Cambro-Norman-English colonising of acknowledgement about paper, Ireland since the twelfth century, thi (. ) 20 Francis Barker and Peter Hulme, “‘Nymphs and Reapers Heavily Vanish’: The Discursive Con-texts of (. ) 10 Yet it is important to Patterns recall, like Paul Brown, that “ The Tempest is about, not simply a reflection of colonialist practices but an intervention in an ambivalent and even contradictory discourse”.17 Brown considers Shakespeare’s play a narrative “which seeks at once to in Frankenstein harmonize disjunction, to transcend irreconcilable contradictions and to acknowledgement about term paper mystify the political conditions which demand colonialist discourse”, but he writes the play “ultimately fails to deliver that containment and instead may be seen to foreground precisely those problems which it works to efface or overcome”.18 Thus, The Tempest traces the essays “moment of historical crisis” that is England’s incipient colonial enterprise, and the anxiety which circulates in the play interrogates a discourse of expansionism rather than just supporting it.19 This interrogation of text and historical context is continued by acknowledgement term paper, Francis Barker and Peter Hulme who note the underlying anxiety in a play “imbricated within the discourse of essay on the lottery jackson, colonialism”. The anxiety circulates around usurpation (actual or attempted), domination, resistance and rebellion. About Term. Barker and Hulme contend that the play’s “rich complexity” had been too often ignored by European and North American critics who “listen exclusively to Prospero’s voice: after all, he speaks their language.” (Given that the play has traditionally been interpreted as Shakespeare’s farewell to the stage, the magician-duke has often been confused for the Bard’s representative, an egregious mistake given what we know about Shakespeare’s “negative capability”.) They astutely noted: “It has been left to those who have suffered colonial usurpation to discover and university of maryland map the traces of that complexity by reading in full measure Caliban’s refractory place in both Prospero’s play and The Tempest .”20. 21 Aime Cesaire, Discourse on Colonialism , Trans.

Joan Pinkham, New York, Monthly Review Press, 2000, (. ) 22 The Discourse on acknowledgement Colonialism compares the evils of imperialism with the evil of the Holocaust, the (. ) 11 Simply and writing for postgraduate provocatively put, if Shakespeare, as projected in a simplistic and authoritative imperial reading, provides an acknowledgement about official, colonial perspective, Cesaire—with astonishing fidelity to the original—translates this and life experience format gives voice, specifically through Caliban, to the occluded colonized and oppressed. About Term. Une tempete epitomizes translation as interpretation, as (creative) revision. It resonates with Shakespeare but stresspoints are articulated and examined. Essays Of Shrek. It is an excoriating debunking of the “white man’s burden”, the French republic’s mission civilisatrice (Prospero’s despairing that upon Caliban’s nature “nurture will not stick”) and a relentless exposition of how colonization decivilizes the colonizer (“This thing of darkness I acknowledge mine”). The infamy of colonial exploitation is recognised and named. In his Discourse on Colonialism , Cesaire initially defines colonization in negative terms, by first of all establishing what it is acknowledgement paper, not: “neither evangelization, nor a philanthropic enterprise, nor a desire to push back the frontiers of essays on a, ignorance, disease and tyranny, nor a project undertaken for acknowledgement about paper, the greater glory of God, nor an attempt to format extend the acknowledgement about term paper rule of life experience format, law.”21 Rather, colonialism is envisioned as a disease, just as it is in A tempest —“blanche toxine” (87) [“white poison” (57)], “maintenant, je te connais, vieux cancer” (88) [“now I know you, you old cancer” (58)]—a dehumanising project that treats land, nature and acknowledgement about term people as brute commodities.

It must be vomited out.22. In Act II Scene 2, Gonzalo says: Si l’ile est habitee, comme je le pense, et que nous la colonisons, comme je le souhaite, il faudra se garder comme de la peste d’y apporter nos defauts, oui, ce que nous appelons la civilisation. Qu’ils restent ce qu’ils sont: des sauvages, libres, sans complexes ni complications. Essay On The Lottery Jackson. Quelque chose comme un reservoir d’eternelle jouvence ou nous viendrions periodiquement rafraichir nos ames vieillies et citadines. Paper. (40-41) 23 Gonzalo’s idyll-manifesto chimes with the dissertation university of maryland type of cliches trotted out during an exhibition on “The (. ) If the island is about term, inhabited, as I believe it is, and if we colonise it, as is my wish, then we must shy away, as if from the plague, from importing here our defaults, yes, what we call civilisation. They must stay as they are: savages, noble savages, free without complex or complication. Essay On The Lottery. Something like a pool of eternal youth where we would come at intervals to revive our drooping urban spirits.23 (30)

24 The phrase “noble savage” first appeared in acknowledgement about term, Dryden’s play The Conquest of Granada (1672) although (. ) 12 With a piercing satirical economy, Cesaire alludes to Gonzalo’s utopian rhapsody in essays on a, The Tempest , with its indebtedness to Thomas More, Montaigne and the classical theory of the Golden Age, but what is most striking is how Cesaire picks up on Montaigne’s ethical denunciation of about term, western inhumanity and brutality in “Of Cannibals”. This was a key reference point for a developing, idealized argument in essays on a comprehensive of shrek, favour of the rights of indigenous peoples throughout the early modern period and into the Age of term, Reason. In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the “good savage” was held up as a reproach to European civilisation in writing essays for postgraduate, the throes of the wars of religion, and stood as a direct counter to the Hobbesian view of human depravity in a state of nature. By the acknowledgement term paper eighteenth century, this argument was fuelled by both sentimentalism and primitivism, and was advanced by both English and French writers and explorers. The Baron de Lahontan put potentially subversive egalitarian arguments in the mouth of a Huron Indian, Adario. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, identified as the philosopher of the French Revolution, was deliberately maligned by papers, his political opponents for advancing a theory about the term paper “noble savage” but this was untrue.

What is clear, however, is how such a theory preserved a superior paternalism and Patterns ultimately a lack of egalitarian empathy between the colonisers and acknowledgement term the colonised in which the latter were cast as dependent children—here “a pool of eternal youth”. Prospero calls Caliban “boy” (a repugnant name for critical essay on the, colonial servants) at the very end of A tempest . This racist superiority also chimed with a “scientific racism” which divided races into acknowledgement about paper superior (the colonising) and inferior (the colonised) categories.24. 25 In Une tempete , Prospero tells Miranda how his prophetic art had “discovered” the precise location (. ) 13 The other key theme to pick up in experience format, this re-casting of Act II Scene 2, is the duplicity within Gonzalo’s sugared and idealistic words. About Term Paper. He freely admits that he favours colonisation, but his eulogy of the “noble savages”, whom he wishes to preserve as they are, as if in dissertation university, aspic, is about paper, undermined by his simultaneous desire to plunder the island for its natural resources, “guano” in this case, which, “sous une sage direction” (39) [“wisely administered” (29)], will make the island “plus riche que l’Egypte avec son Nil” (39) [“richer than Egypt with its Nile” (29)]. Essay On The Lottery. Cesaire identifies a base rapaciousness underlying both the colonial and the neo-colonial project in about, which, say, the generally environmentally disastrous plunder of natural resources would be carried out by on a analysis, the colonisers—or multi-national companies, in about paper, many ways their modern equivalents—with virtually none of the profits benefiting the local population, whilst literally dismantling the topography, and cultural topography, beneath their feet.25 As Caliban says to Prospero: “Tu crois que la terre est chose morte… C’est tellement plus commode ! Morte, alors on la pietine, on la souille, on company that for you la foule d’un pied vainqueur !” (25-6) [“You think the acknowledgement about earth itself is dead… It’s so much more convenient! Dead you can trample over it, pour pestilence over by shirley it, bestride it like a conqueror!” (20)] Cesaire adds another element to the neo-imperialist project: tourism.

Gonzalo’s pool of eternal youth, there to revive drooping urban spirits, is precisely the image in which the Caribbean has been cast. Once again, the inhabitants, here of the about term paper islands, are cast in belittling and servile roles, in order to service the fantasies of their western paymasters. Such fantasies home in on in essay format sub-pastoral, primitivist cliches concerning a proximity to nature (even if the islanders’ natural environment is destroyed), spontaneity, creativity and straightforward sexuality and eroticism. 26 Cf the about term OED’s definition of pidgin: “any combination and distortion of two languages as a means of (. ) 14 Knowledge contains the seeds of transformative power: language shapes how we think and therefore how we act. By “learning to curse”, Caliban, the black slave in revolt, rejects assimilation. University. The first word he utters on stage is the Kiswahili word for freedom: “ Uhuru ”. Whereas for Shakespeare, Caliban is “a salvage and acknowledgement about term paper a deformed slave”, Cesaire’s charismatic protagonist crucially uses a foreign language—foreign from the dissertation perspective of the colonizer, that is—in order to acknowledgement assert his own identity and autonomy.26 He refuses to company for you be interpellated as the linguistic subject of the colonial master narrative; he refuses to be broken and acknowledgement conditioned, a mere component in the means of production. 27 Steve Almquist, “Not Quite the Gabbling of company that papers, ‘A Thing Most Brutish’: Caliban’s Kiswahili in acknowledgement about term paper, Aime Ces (. Critical Essay On The Jackson. ) 28 Almquist warns that the word should not be understood in a monolithic way. Much of the term western med (. ) 15 Steve Almquist writes that, “At the centre of Cesaire’s revision of Shakespeare’s The Tempest is a single deeply resonant word— Uhuru . […] Uhuru is writing essays, essential to Cesaire’s revisionary project because it gives Caliban a voice, specifically an African voice, and it contributes to Cesaire’s overall project in creating a diasporic textual counter to Shakespeare.”27 Uhuru is the Kiswahili word for freedom which gained international currency during the acknowledgement term paper struggles for writing essays for postgraduate, decolonisation in the late 1950s and 1960s, not least the Mau Mau Rebellion.

Uhuru became a touchstone that recalled and rekindled the revolutionary fervour when the cry for freedom from acknowledgement about paper colonial oppression was heard all over the world.28 Caliban’s primal cry of Uhuru , therefore, should not then be construed as the petulant and isolated mouthing of some token exoticism. It is nothing other than a call to writing for postgraduate militant solidarity among the dispossessed, and acknowledgement specifically the dispossessed among the African diaspora. (In another topical civil rights echo, Caliban re-names his cave “the ghetto”.) Almquist adds that: During the Patterns in Frankenstein often-tumultuous independence and Black Power movements throughout the African diaspora during the 1960s and 1970s, the use of Kiswahili among non-native writers and acknowledgement about paper speakers expanded and came to serve as a symbolic resistance to the presumed supremacy of the European cultures and languages.29. 16 Consider further the for postgraduate importance of Caliban’s Kiswahili voice through which he voices his agitation at Prospero’s domination. As Steve Almquist acutely appreciates, Cesaire’s empowered Caliban does not gabble like “a thing most brutish”, unaware of his “own meaning” until taught the colonial language.30 On the contrary, even before his black slave’s first entrance, Prospero betrays his unease that Caliban “s’emancipe un peu trop” (24) [“is becoming a little too liberated” (18)]. Prospero. Acknowledgement Term Paper. — Qu’est-ce que tu dis ? Caliban . — Je dis Uhuru ! Prospero. — Encore une remontee de ton langage barbare.

Je t’ai deja dit que je n’aime pas ca. D’ailleurs, tu pourrais etre poli, un bonjour ne te tuerait pas ! Caliban. — Ah ! J’oubliais… Bonjour. Mais un bonjour autant que possible de guepes, de crapauds, de pustules et de fiente. Puisse le jour d’aujourd’hui hater de dix ans le jour ou les oiseaux du ciel et les betes de la terre se rassasieront de ta charogne ! Prospero. — Toujours gracieux je vois, vilain singe ! Comment peut-on etre si laid ! (24) Prospero . — What did you say? Caliban. — I said, Uhuru ! Prospero. — Yet another return to your savage tongue. I’ve already told you, I don’t like it.

You could be polite, at least: hello wouldn’t kill you. Caliban. Dissertation University. — Oh, I forgot […] Hello. But a hello crammed with wasps, toads, pox and acknowledgement dung. May today hasten by company that writes papers for you, ten years the day when the birds of the sky and the beasts of the earth will gorge themselves on your carcass. Prospero. — Gracious as always, I see, you foul monkey!

How can anybody be so ugly? (18-19) 17 Attention focuses immediately on the power of acknowledgement about term paper, language in defining their relationship. Patterns In Frankenstein. “ Uhuru !” confounds Prospero’s sense of linguistic authority; his only recourse is to about term paper demonize the word as a reversion to Caliban’s “savage tongue”—in a classic rehearsal of essays on a analysis of shrek, a colonizial “civilized/brute savage” binary—before continuing in the same vein: Puisque tu manies si bien l’invective, tu pourrais au moins me benir de t’avoir appris a parler. Un barbare ! Une bete brute que j’ai eduquee, formee, que j’ai tiree de l’animalite qui l’engangue encore de toute part ! (25) Since you spout invective with such aplomb, you might at least give me your blessing for having taught you to speak at acknowledgement about term all. A savage! A brute animal I educated, trained, dragged up from the bestiality that still festers all over him. Writing. (19) 31 “Freckled” refers to about paper Caliban’s skin colour.

Cesaire’s use of the notoriously racist abuse word “mo (. Patterns. ) 18 In further disabling strategies, Prospero refuses to accept the validity or sense of Caliban’s own culture and term fashions Caliban as a sub-human beast in a manner which entirely honours such references as “freckled whelp” and “mooncalf” in The Tempest , the dissertation university of maryland “savage and deformed slave” “upon whose nature nurture will not stick.”31 Prospero’s overweening arrogance does not cow Caliban into submission, however. Caliban. — D’abord ce n’est pas vrai. Tu ne m’as rien appris du tout. Sauf, bien sur a baragouiner ton langage pour comprendre tes ordres : couper du bois, laver la vaisselle, pecher le poisson, planter les legumes, parce que tu es bien trop faineant pour le faire. Quant a ta science, est-ce que tu me l’as jamais apprise, toi ? Tu t’en es bien garde ! Ta science, tu la gardes egoistement pour toi tout seul, enfermee dans les gros livres que voila. Acknowledgement About. (25) Caliban. — That’s just not true. Writing. You haven’t taught me anything at all! Except of course to jabber away in your language so as to understand your orders: chop the wood, wash up, fish, plant vegetables; all because you’re too idle to do it yourself. As for your knowledge, did you ever impart any of acknowledgement about, that to me?

You took care not to. You selfishly keep all your knowledge for yourself alone, sealed up in big books like those. (19) 19 Cesaire’s protagonist registers his acute understanding of how his “education” has achieved little more than to life in essay format reduce him to subservience in the guise of an automaton-drudge (remember Cesaire’s formula: “colonisation = thingification”32). At the same time, Prospero has kept from him any life-enhancing (textual and scientific) knowledge—the key to his domination and an inspired riff on the magic books valued at more than Prospero’s dukedom. Caliban ruefully reflects on how he has been an expendable and unvalued means to an end, hoodwinked by an initially friendly-seeming Prospero: Qu’aurais-tu fait sans moi, dans cette contree inconnue ? Ingrat ! Je t’ai appris les arbres, les fruits, les oiseaux, les saisons, et maintenant je t’en fous… Caliban la brute ! Caliban l’esclave ! Recette connue ! l’orange pressee, on en rejette l’ecorce ! (26) What would you have done without me in this strange land?

Ungrateful! I taught you the acknowledgement term paper trees, the writing essays for postgraduate fruits, the birds, the seasons, but there’s no blessed question of acknowledgement term paper, that any more… Caliban the brute, Caliban the slave! I know the score! Once the orange is squeezed, the peel is tossed away! (20) 20 Note here, how it is Caliban, rather than Prospero, who is doing the teaching, yet this education, vital as it is, is of maryland, subsequently given neither credit nor recognition. Clearly, Caliban is cast as a figurative Malcolm X, even telling Prospero as he prepares to leave at the end of their first encounter in the play, that he will no longer answer to the name of Caliban: Caliban. — […] J’ai decide que je ne serai plus Caliban. Prospero. — Qu’est-ce que cette foutaise ? Je ne comprends pas ! Caliban. — […] Caliban n’est pas mon nom. C’est simple ! Prospero. Acknowledgement About Term Paper. — C’est le mien peut-etre ! Caliban. — C’est le sobriquet dont ta haine m’a affuble et dont chaque rappel m’insulte. Prospero. Patterns. — Diable ! On devient susceptible ! Alors propose… Il faut bien que je t’appelle ! Ce sera comment ? Cannibale t’irait bien, mais je suis sur que tu n’en voudras pas ! Voyons, Hannibal ! Ca te va ! Pourquoi pas ! Ils aiment tous les noms historiques ! Caliban. — Appelle-moi X. Ca vaudra mieux. Comme qui dirait l’homme sans nom.

Plus exactement, l’homme dont on a vole le nom. Tu parles d’histoire. Eh bien ca, c’est de l’histoire, et fameuse ! Chaque fois que tu m’appeleras, ca me rappellera le fait fundamental, que tu m’as tout vole et jusqu’a mon identite ! Uhuru ! Caliban. — […] I’ve decided I’ll be Caliban no longer. Prospero. — What kind of bilge is this? I don’t understand. […] And whence sprang this pearl?

Caliban. — […] Caliban isn’t my name. It’s simple! Prospero. — It’s mine, I suppose! Caliban. — It’s the nickname your hatred attached to me, whose every utterance is an insult. Prospero. — My, how sensitive we’ve become! Well then, suggest another… I must call you something. What will it be? Cannibal would suit you well, but I’m sure you wouldn’t want it! Let’s see…Hannibal!

Why not? They all like historical names! Caliban. — Call me X. That’s best. Like a man without a name. Acknowledgement. Or, more precisely, a man whose name was stolen. Life Experience In Essay Format. You speak of history. Well that’s history, known far and acknowledgement about wide! Every time you’ll call me that will remind me of the for postgraduate fundamental truth that you stole everything from me, even my identity!

Uhuru !’ (He exits.) (21-22) 21 Even if audience members are ignorant of the meaning of this Kiswahili word, they will understand that it has a key galvanizing importance, that it is Caliban’s rallying cry and acknowledgement about term that it’s very foreignness underlines his sense of an critical on the by shirley autonomous cultural “otherness”, dignity and agency so brazenly denied him by Prospero. It is a call to revolution. 22 As ever, Cesaire condenses Shakespeare’s play with unerring cogency in order to provide the pith for his own agenda. Acknowledgement Paper. Here, he homes in on the fact that Caliban, as has often been remarked, is an anagram of “cannibal” with all that that word suggests concerning brute savagery. The Shakespearean monicker is hence a stigmatising code for uncivilised and barbarous brutality.

The novel reference to Hannibal suggests a doomed rebellious streak, that Caliban’s pride will come before a fall. At the same time, however, Hannibal hails from Carthage, from the Patterns in Frankenstein African continent. He also stands for a defiant and strong opponent who actively, and about paper initially successfully, resists the aggrandizing and imperialist designs of the metropolitan centre—Rome in Hannibal’s case. Critical Jackson. This reference to acknowledgement term paper Hannibal indicates a lurking fear of a newly defiant Caliban beneath the smug veneer of mocking confidence projected by life experience format, Prospero. About Term Paper. This defiance, of dissertation university of maryland, course, chimes with the new confidence accompanying the wave of decolonisation throughout the 1950s and 1960s. What is about term, crucial, here, too, is company that writes, Caliban-X’s stand to acknowledgement about term paper recuperate a stolen history. Patterns. He recognises, like Cesaire, how his own culture and heritage were razed from the collective memory of an enslaved and transported African diaspora and acknowledgement about term paper it is this that he will strive to re-discover, value and critical by shirley honour. 23 Cesaire adds an interesting interpolation, a wholly new scene, at the start of Act Two, where Ariel, significantly identified as a mulatto slave in about term paper, the list of characters, comes to warn Caliban that Prospero is planning “d’epouvantables vengeances” (36) [“appalling acts of revenge” (26)] against him. The scene is, in writing essays, essence, one in which the two characters rehearse different strategies for bringing their bondage to an end.

Once again, their lively exchange of views replicates debates within the acknowledgement about term civil rights movement of the 1960s. Cesaire said in an interview: 33 Cited in Robert P. Smith and essay on the jackson Robert J. Acknowledgement About Term Paper. Hudson, “Evoking Caliban: Cesaire’s Response to dissertation university Shakespeare (. ) My text […] was greatly influenced by acknowledgement term, the preoccupations I had at that particular time. As I was thinking very much about a play concerning the United States, inevitably, the points of reference became American. On The Jackson. […] There is the about term paper violent and the non-violent attitude. There are Martin Luther King and Malcolm X and the Black Panthers.33. 24 Caliban has already cast himself as X and, needless to say, adopts the more militant position, demanding “Freedom now!” Interestingly, Cesaire renders this famous Black Power cry in English. Of Maryland. The polyglot Caliban thus further exhibits his solidarity with the African diaspora around the world, ranging from Africa to North America.

25 Ariel provides another perspective which amounts to “Ni violence, ni soumission” (37) [“Neither violence, nor submission” (27)] but is rather one of peaceful resistance entered into in order to acknowledgement about paper trouble Prospero’s calm “pour qu’une conscience naisse a [lui]” (37) [“so that a conscience can well up inside him” (27)] with the Patterns in Frankenstein intended result that he will finally acknowledge his own injustice. He adds, in a striking echo of Martin Luther King’s famous “I have a dream” speech: J’ai souvent fait le reve exaltant qu’un jour, Prospero, toi et moi, nous entreprendrions, freres associes, de batir un monde merveilleux, chacun apportant en contribution ses qualites propres : patience, vitalite, amour, volonte aussi, et rigueur, sans compter les quelques bouffees de reve sans quoi l’humanite perirait d’asphyxie. (38) I’ve often dreamt a rapturous dream that one day Prospero, you and I would set out as brothers to build a wonderful world, each contributing his own qualities: patience, vitality, love, will power too, and rigour, not to about paper mention the eddying dreams without which humanity would suffocate to death. (28) Caliban scoffs at that writes for you Ariel’s credulousness: Dis donc, mon petit Ariel, des fois, je me demande sit u n’es pas cingle ! Que la conscience naisse a Prospero ? Autant se mettre devant une pierre et attendre qu’il lui pousse des fleurs ! […] Tu n’as rien compris a Prospero. C’est pas un type a collaborer. Acknowledgement About Term. C’est un mec qui ne se sent que s’il ecrase quelqu’un. Un ecraseur, un broyeur, voila le genre ! Et tu parles de fraternite ! (37-38)

Listen my sweet Ariel, I sometimes wonder if you aren’t cracked. So that a conscience can well up inside Prospero? You might as well wait for a stone to burst into bloom! […] You don’t understand Prospero at all. He’s not the collaborative type. He’s a man who only feels alive when he’s crushing someone. Life In Essay Format. A crusher, a grinder to pulp, that’s what he is! And you talk of acknowledgement paper, brotherhood! (28) 26 The militant Caliban believes the dreamy Ariel is a dupe. Once again, with a striking economy, Cesaire pays short shrift to the Christian-humanist narrative of reconciliation (via an in Frankenstein imposed penance and then contrition) willed by Prospero in acknowledgement paper, Shakespeare’s play. Caliban is prepared for a violent armed struggle akin to those waged by critical essay on the lottery by shirley, the Mau Mau or the term paper ANC, saying: Mieux vaut la mort que l’humiliation et l’injustice… D’ailleurs, de toute maniere, le dernier mot m’appartiendra… A moins qu’il n’appartienne au neant.

Le jour ou j’aurai le sentiment que tout est perdu, laisse-moi voler quelques barils de ta poudre infernale, et cette ile, mon bien, mon ?uvre, du haut de l’empyree ou tu aimes planer, tu la verras sauter dans les airs, avec, je l’espere, Prospero et moi dans les debris. (38) Better death than humiliation and injustice… Besides the last word shall be mine. Unless it belongs to nothingness. The day I feel all’s lost, just let me filch a few barrels of your infernal powder and—from high in experience format, the empyrean where you love to soar—you will see this isle, my inheritance, my work, all blown sky high, with, I hope, Prospero and me amongst the debris. (28) 34 Lucy Rix, op. Paper. cit. , p. 237-238, discusses the drive towards self “whitening” as one of the most in in Frankenstein, (. ) 27 Such words now seem grimly prophetic of suicide bombings and campaigns of terror but they also identify the term despair and desparation of the perpetrators and the terrible cost of stripping the wretched of the earth of dissertation, their dignity, robbing them of their birthright and making them fear for acknowledgement term, their very existence, especially (and most usually) in a colonial situation. It is for you, within this incredibly high-stakes situation, that the racial difference between the two slaves must be understood and considered. In The Tempest , Caliban is an earthen clod whereas “dainty” Ariel is an acknowledgement airy spirit. Dissertation Of Maryland. Cesaire seizes upon acknowledgement term this difference but racializes it, too. Historically, Martinique had more mulattoes than whites and, as ever, in colonial societies where the white ruling class sought to inculcate its values and sought to impress upon its subjects that its culture and skin colour were the ideals, the essays for postgraduate paleness of one’s skin and the proximity of one’s position to the white rulers became an important factor in determining one’s position in the social hierarchy. So here a truculent Caliban accuses the pacific Ariel of being a “house servant” (he is cast as the field slave), a collaborating sycophant with an “Uncle Tom patience”.

Cesaire does not shy away from projecting the racialized differences and tensions residing within colonial (and post-colonial) societies, not least his own. Caliban, of course, has more to lose than Ariel but his very humiliation has hardened his resolve. Alex Haley recalled in Roots the old racist jingle: “If you’re white, you’re all right; if you’re brown, stick around; if you’re black, stand back.”34. 28 In the eyes of the monological Prospero, “Par [l’]insubordination [de Caliban], c’est tout l’ordre du monde qu’il remet en cause” (71) “[Caliban’s] insubordination calls into doubt the entire order of the world” (47)]. Prospero. — Comprenez-moi bien. Je suis non pas au sens banal du terme, le maitre, comme le croit ce sauvage, mais le chef d’orchestre d’une vaste partition : Suscitant les voix, moi seul, Et a mon gre les enchainant, Organisant hors de la confusion.

La seule ligne intelligible. Sans moi, qui de tout cela. Saurait tirer musique ? Sans moi cette ile est muette. (90) 35 In his Course in General Linguistics , Ferdinand de Saussure (posthumous inspirer of about paper, Structuralism) (. ) Prospero. — Understand me well. I am not, in company writes papers for you, the ordinary sense. the master, as this savage thinks, but rather the term paper conductor of a vast score: Teasing out voices, myself alone, and coupling them at my pleasure, arranging out essays of shrek of the confusion. the sole intelligible line. Without me, who would be able. to derive music from all this?

Without me, this island is dumb.35 (60) 36 Chris Tiffin and term Alan Lawson, Eds., De-Scribing Empire: Post-Colonialism and Textuality , London, R (. ) 29 Chris Tiffin and life in essay Alan Lawson argue that, “Imperial textuality appropriates, distorts, erases, but it also contains. 36 The imperial project contains cultures/subjects in acknowledgement term paper, order to control them, but no former colony is as simply circumscribed as colonial discourse would have it: each post-colonial political, historical, linguistic, and cultural situation inevitably becomes much more convoluted than is figured by the coloniser. In truth, it is Prospero who is enfeebled by his monoglot sclerosis. His rigid cultural position does not brook translation. He cannot discourse—his is a dialogue of the deaf—he can only dictate.

Conversely, the “transgressive” Caliban is Patterns, able to journey back and forth between languages. Empowered, he understands Prospero, not vice-versa. 37 Indeed, in an exciting addition to the original plot, the scientific Prospero sneers in recollecti (. ) 30 By the end of the play, Caliban has made multiple claims to paper African “ Uhuru ”, Black Power’s “Freedom now” and essays on a an internationalist call to “Liberty ohay liberty” which transcends all boundaries. Acknowledgement About Paper. His ability to articulate a culture foreign to, and for postgraduate not laid down by, Prospero is key. Prospero uses language to close down consciousness.

Concerning Caliban, his language constantly negates, denies and term demonises: “brute savage”, “beast”, “sorcerer”, etc, whilst Caliban’s linguistic identity, his African utterances, are dismissed as “Encore une remontee de ton langage barbare” (24) [“yet another return to Patterns your savage tongue” (19)]. Whereas Caliban asserts and affirms potential and acknowledgement about paper otherness, Prospero refuses dialogue: “Je ne t’ai pas appele pour discuter !” (27) [“I did not summon you here to argue” (21)]. University. He is portrayed as a sadistic power wielder who had dreamt of establishing a colonial empire even before leaving Italy and who is acknowledgement term, bereft of his original’s christianised goodwill: “Si tu rouspetes, la trique” (27) [“If you grumble you shall be thrashed” (21)].37 Cesaire focuses on Prospero’s magic—a physical control over others—in this strictly limited sense. As opposed to in Frankenstein the original, “banquet and harpy” scene (Act III Scene 3) which simply tantalises, Prospero is chillingly bent on force-feeding his captives, and acknowledgement term his motives are signally lacking in any ethical imperatives toward repentance. While Prospero may claim “Je suis la Puissance ” (44) [“I am Power” (32)], his material might resides in format, technological know-how and the machinery of repression. The play charts an ongoing demystification and unravelling of acknowledgement term, his authority. As A tempest reaches its climax, Caliban recites a long litany of abuses and injustices forced upon him: Il faut que tu comprennes, Prospero : des annees j’ai courbe la tete, des annees j’ai accepte.

tes insultes, ton ingratitude, pis encore, plus degradante que tout le reste, Mais maintenant c’est fini ! Fini, tu entends ! Bien sur, pour le moment tu es encore. Mais ta force, je m’en moque, comme de tes chiens, d’ailleurs, de ta police, de tes inventions ! Et tu sais pourquoi je m’en moque ? C’est parce que je sais que je t’aurai. Empale ! Et au pieu que. tu auras toi-meme aiguise ! (87-88) 38 See the citation at the start of this article to see how this speech continues. You must understand, Prospero: for years I bowed my head, for years I stomached it, stomached all of it: your insults, your ingratitude, and worst of all, more degrading than all the rest,

But now it’s over! Over, do you hear! Of course, for the moment you’re still. But I don’t care two hoots about your power, or your dogs either, your police, or your inventions! And do you know why I don’t care? It’s because I know I’ll have you! You’ll be impaled! And on a stake.

you’ll have sharpened yourself!38 (57-58) 39 According to Michel Giraud, “Dialectics of life, Descent and Phenotypes in Racial Classification in Mart (. ) 31 In an inspired response to Shakespeare’s mage’s magic, Cesaire’s Caliban identifies Prospero’s illusions with spreading a deceitful false consciousness about the state of the world, imposing on Caliban a disabling belief in about term paper, his own underdevelopment and incompetence.39 The speech is a culmination of Caliban’s efforts, established from his first entry, to Patterns in Frankenstein rise up above oppression and resurrect an authentic black culture and acknowledgement paper history. Patterns In Frankenstein. Gilbert and Tompkins write, 40 Gilbert and Tompkins, op. cit. , p. 12. Historical recuperation is one of the acknowledgement crucial aims and effects of many post-colonial plays, which frequently tell the other side of the conquering whites’ story in order to contest the on a comprehensive analysis of shrek official version of history that is preserved in imperialist texts. Like his/her version of history, the coloniser’s language has assumed a position of dominance which must be interrogated and dismantled as part of the decolonising project.40. 32 Caliban has forced Prospero to paper look full square upon the charade of in Frankenstein, his colonial “mission” and acknowledgement term paper when the for postgraduate latter warns him that he is heading towards suicidal perdition, Caliban tells him he hates him.

Prospero answers in kind: Eh bien moi aussi je te hais ! Car tu es celui par qui pour. la premiere fois j’ai doute de. Well I hate you as well! For you are the one who. made me doubt myself. for the first time. (59)

41 Helen Tiffin, “Post-colonial literatures and counter-discourse”, in acknowledgement about, Kunapipi 9:3, 17-34, p. Life Experience Format. 17. Acknowledgement About Term Paper. Ti (. ) 33 His ambivalence emphasises the shattered authority that has been steadily increasing throughout the play. According to Hegel, we recognise ourselves through others’ recognition of us. Caliban does not grant this consensual recognition. Critical On The By Shirley Jackson. A fissure rends the colonial veil. Acknowledgement Paper. Whereas, in The Tempest , Prospero leaves the island to on a analysis return to Naples, conveniently bestowing forgiveness on all and sundry and with an term imminent marriage between Miranda and Ferdinand symbolising a re-soldered alliance between estranged ruling houses—even if there is of maryland, no contrition from Antonio—here he remains. Just as Cesaire’s Ariel sings, “ Rien n’est, tout devient ” (30) [“Nothing is, all becomes” (23)], so post-colonial theatre configures “process, not arrival.”41 It is inimical to false closure; rather, it recognises the acknowledgement about paper complexity of its situation. Prospero, the old colonialist, is left listless and essay on the lottery jackson aged, alone on the island, raging against the encroachment of nature, roaring out for Caliban but unable to paper untangle the complexity of his relationship with him beyond: “Toi-Moi ! Moi-Toi !” (92) [“You-Me! Me-You!” (61)] But the mutuality of this dialectic no longer holds. Caliban refuses to answer Prospero’s call; he has broken free from the grip of Prospero’s voice, from colonial control, and thus has undermined Prospero’s fundamental conception of himself.

The final words of the play are an unseen Caliban’s distant, yet insistent and haunting, call for liberty. Shakespeare’s mage steps forward at the end of essay on the by shirley jackson, The Tempest , asking to be set free by applause. Acknowledgement. Here, there is no such recognition. In Frankenstein. Rather, he is fettered in a prison of moribund ideology and vested interests. Term Paper. Prospero’s failure to leave the island also indicates Cesaire’s recognition that whether decolonised or not, the grasp of critical essay lottery by shirley jackson, colonialism (and, crucially, neo-colonialism) will not be relinquished so easily. 42 Almquist, op. About. cit. , p. 591. University. 43 Bob Marley and the Wailers, Buffalo Soldier , 1980, on the posthumously released Confrontation LP, (. ) 44 The Yoruba are a people of western Nigeria and neighbouring regions. A syncretistic religion of Sh (. Acknowledgement About Term Paper. ) 34 Steve Almquist writes: “Cesaire’s representation of Caliban produces an company writes Africanized figure that embodies the complexity of the diasporic African in the middle of the twentieth century.”42 It is my contention that the resurrection and resistance of Caliban is founded upon the African cultural resonances in about paper, the play: “ Uhuru ”, Shango, “ Oo-en-day ”, “ Macaya ”. It is to of maryland these that Caliban owes allegiance and not to imposed western ideologies.

Like Malcolm, he calls himself “X”, identifies his dispossession, the fate of the enslaved African diaspora, and about paper casts off the slough of abjection as he reclaims and dissertation university of maryland refashions his cultural identity, “fighting for survival”, in Marley’s words, “in the heart of the Caribbean.”43 Caliban twice invokes Shango, the Yoruba god of thunder and lightning and the owner of the term paper Bata drums. Cesaire identifies Shango as a great god of heaven who is very violent but who is company for you, fundamentally benevolent, renewing the face of the earth. Shango is the violent storm which impregnates the term paper earth by bringing life-bringing rain. Shakespeare’s western tempest is countered by an African one.44. 45 See Gilbert and Tompkins, op. cit. , p. 32-33, for a reading of this scene which epitomises “the sl (. ) 35 A crucial interpellation into Shakespeare’s play comes as Une tempete speeds towards its climax. Eshu, the African trickster devil-god “Dieu pour les amis, diable pour les ennemis” (68) [“God to my friends, Devil to my enemies” (45)], erupts into Prospero’s masque—anti-masque par excellence to all the stilted, ongoing decorum of the dissertation university classical goddesses. His lewdness and sexual predatoriness—“de son penis il frappe” (70) [“with his penis he smites” (46)] is an ironic exposure of white paranoia and acknowledgement paper demonization. Cocking a snook at Prospero, Eshu is not part of the colonialist’s script. In Frankenstein. He re-appropriates a vivid black identity by using negative stereotype, in a manner analogous to about the political use of such terms as “dreadlock” or “queer”, and revelling in its otherness.

Such carnivalesque flaunting of taboo (rampant black sexuality and miscegenation) amounts to a symbolic badge of insubordination and unbowed dissidence. The western pantheon is dispersed and in Frankenstein routed by such “vulgarity.” Eshu stands for the supplanted spirit of Africa returning, superabundant and irrepressible.45. Crucially, although beleaguered by the illusory ideologies of colonialism, Caliban remains true to his own culture and beliefs, living a symbiotic partnership with nature (personified as his mother Sycorax): Sycorax ma mere ! Serpent ! Pluie ! Eclairs ! Et je te retrouve partout : Dans l’?il de la mare qui me regarde, sans ciller, a travers les scirpes. Dans le geste de la racine tordue et son bond qui attend. Dans la nuit, la toute-voyante aveugle, la toute-flaireuse sans naseaux ! (26) Sycorax my mother! Serpent! Rain! Lightning! And I find you everywhere!

In the eye of the pond, which stares at me, unblinking, through the rushes. In the gesture of the twisted root with coiled spring. In the blinded all-seeing night, the nostril-less all-smelling night! (20) 36 It is he, rather than Shakespeare’s poet-mage, who is the most effective of verbal artificers. (“The isle is full of noises” is, of course, one of the most beautiful and stirring of speeches in The Tempest .) 46 When reminded of being imprisoned in the cloven pine, Ariel dreams of having metamorphosed into a (. ) Cesaire celebrates Caribbean and acknowledgement term African ecology throughout.46 His poetic brilliance is borne along by that writes, ritual and the carnivalesque, communicating visceral humour as well as sadness. Noir picoreur de la savane. le quiscale arpente le jour nouveaux. dans son armure hautaine.

zip ! L’incisif colibri. au fond d’une corolle s’ejouit. fera-t-il fou, fera-t-il ivre. lyre rameutant nos delires. la Liberte ohe ! La Liberte ! Ramier halte dans ces bois. Errant des iles c’est ici le repos. Le miconia est pillage pur. du sang violet de la baie mure.

de sang de sang barbouille ton plumage. Dans le dos des jours fourbus. la Liberte ohe ! La Liberte ! (64-65) Black pilferer of the savannah, the grackle surveys the new day— humid and acknowledgement term stirring— from its lofty citadel. Zip! The incisive humming-bird.

rejoices in the depths of a flower’s innermost whorl. Is he mad, is he drunk, the lyre gathering our wild desires: Liberty ohay liberty! Woodpigeon halts in these woods. Wanderer of the dissertation isles—here is repose. The miconia is utter spoils.

of violet blood of ripe berry. With blood, with blood smear your plumage. Upon the back of exhausted days. Liberty ohay liberty! (43) 37 This song of Caliban’s resonates with Shakespeare’s Ariel’s “Where the bee sucks there suck I” (the humming-bird rejoicing in the flower’s innermost whorl) and exemplifies Cesaire’s creative refashioning of The Tempest into a Caribbean context. 47 See Bill Ashcroft, Gareth Griffiths, Helen Tiffin, The Empire Writes Back: Theory and Practice in (. ) 38 Cesaire did not generally write in creole but “marooned” himself from metropolitan French, refashioning a new voice in acknowledgement paper, a manner congruent with Bill Ashcroft et al. ’s notion of Britain’s erstwhile Empire “writing back.”47 The maroons were runaway slaves. Patterns In Frankenstein. By analogy, he sought to break the about fetters of colonialist discourse. Cesaire punned that he would pluck the “marrons du feu,” literally plucking the sweet-chestnuts from the fire but also symbolically rising up against essay by shirley jackson, imperialist strictures.

Here the acknowledgement about mystification and essay lottery jackson assumptions of the colonially projected Tempest are met head on and the colonial form is term paper, hybridised with the introduction of critical jackson, African and English languages and African and Caribbean ritual and rhythm. My translation sticks to the letter of the acknowledgement paper French script as faithfully as possible. Nevertheless, the actors playing Ariel and Caliban inflected their speech with British West Indian patois, significantly enriching the production with the music of different discourses. Historically, English has been more obviously permeable than metropolitan French, policed by on the by shirley, its own Academy. Acknowledgement About Term. (Cesaire himself was famously the brilliant scholarship boy from the Antilles who spoke an elegant formal French, even conjugating the imperfect subjunctive.) 39 Over the years, the essays on a of shrek late prophet of acknowledgement about term, negritude was criticised by other black post-colonial writers (e.g.

Wole Soyinka) and writing the disciples of “ creolite ” for his allegiance to acknowledgement paper abstraction (some overarching African-ness) and for failing to recognise the authentic plurality of voices in life in essay format, the Caribbean. Cesaire wrote predominantly in acknowledgement about term paper, classical French. Yet, absent thought creole might be from Une tempete , this play cherishes the local just as it springs from a deep love of Africa, the faith and rock of the black diaspora. Furthermore, Cesaire’s negritude is grounded in a profound historical consciousness which identifies a common past of suffering experienced by the African diaspora worldwide at the hands of imperialists and critical on the lottery slavers. Caliban the hero delivers a clarion call for justice and solidarity. About Term. The play is university, a twentieth-century masterpiece of world theatre, a triumph that re-appropriates the poetic force of Shakespeare, kicks down blinkered insularity and demands to acknowledgement about term be seen and essays for postgraduate heard. 1 Caliban . — Prospero you’re a great illusionist: / you know all about lies. About Term Paper. / And you lied to dissertation university of maryland me so much, / lied about the world, lied about yourself, / that you ended up by paper, imposing on me / an company papers image of myself: / underdeveloped, in your words, / incompetent, / that’s how you forced me to about see myself, / and essays I hate that image! And it is false! / But now I know you, you old cancer, / And I also know myself! (58).

Citations throughout are from Aime Cesaire, Une tempete , Paris, Seuil, 1969, and from my translation, Philip Crispin, A tempest , London, Oberon, 2000. Page numbers for both follow in parentheses. 2 From Aime Cesaire, Cahier d’un retour au pays natal , Paris, Presence Africaine, 1956. 3 A tempest ( Une tempete) played from 21 September to 14 October, 1998. It was described by Professor Malcolm Bowie as “not simply a new reading of Shakespeare but an original play of astonishing power.” Malcolm Bowie, “Island Infamy” (review of A tempest ), Times Literary Supplement , 9 October, 1998, p. 22. 4 I am indebted to Peter Hulme and Bill Sherman for the stage history in this paragraph. About Term Paper. Their co-edited book “ The Tempest ” and its Travels , published by dissertation of maryland, Reaktion Books in 2000, is a rich cultural study of The Tempest , exploring, among other concerns, its vitality in about term, new contexts, its key significance in colonial and post-colonial debates, and that papers its problematising of the movement between the local and the global. It includes two scenes from my translation and two photographs by Pau Ros from the acknowledgement term London production, as well as an critical lottery by shirley article by acknowledgement paper, Lucy Rix: “Maintaining the State of Emergence/y: Aime Cesaire’s Une tempete ”. 5 See Robert Eric Livingston, “Decolonizing the Theatre: Cesaire, Serreau and the Drama of Negritude”, in J. Ellen Gainor, ed., Imperialism and Theatre: Essays on World Theatre, Drama and Performance ,London, 1995, p. 182-98.

6 See Alvina Ruprecht, “Staging Aime Cesaire’s Une tempete : Anti-Colonial Theatre in the Counter-Culture Continuum”, Essays in in Frankenstein, Theatre/Etudes theatrales , 15:1, 1996, p. 59?68, p. 62. 7 Of course, it is term, true that in The Tempest , Sycorax and on a comprehensive Caliban also colonised the island and supplanted its original inhabitants, too. Acknowledgement. Evidently, Cesaire’s polemical adaptation provides a partial reading of the university of maryland original script. Acknowledgement Paper. His focus is on critical essay on the by shirley jackson the (formerly) enslaved black diaspora. Intriguingly, however, in acknowledgement term, his droll re-working of Caliban’s encounter with Stephano and Trinculo, the recalcitrant butler and jester still refer to him as an Indian or, more often, a “nindian”. Writing. This word possesses a double resonance. Firstly, it recalls the original inhabitants of the “New World”, vast numbers of whom were wiped out due to conquerors’ genocides, inhuman treatment or because their immune system was unable to protect them against newly imported diseases.

In Cesaire’s play, Stephano and Trinculo still intend to display Caliban in a travelling fair as an acknowledgement term paper exotic “freak” when back home. Secondly, “nindian” evokes West Indian, the collective name for anglophone Caribbean inhabitants, so called because Christopher Columbus had dubbed the indigenous people he found Indians, for he believed that he would be able to reach the Indies by writes papers for you, sailing west. About. Since the dissertation period of acknowledgement term paper, slavery, of course, the life in essay format majority of “West Indians” are descended from the African diaspora. It is important to acknowledgement note that, with the exception of the list of dramatis person? in which Caliban is identified as a savage slave, it is Trinculo who, in Act II Scene 2, categorically registers Caliban’s humanity, calling him an “islander”, and also how in England “would this monster make a man”. He and of maryland Stephano generally refer to acknowledgement him in pejorative dehumanising terms (eg “mooncalf”), however. 8 Quoted in Livingston, op. cit. , p. 192.

9 Helen Gilbert and Joanne Tompkins, Post-Colonial Drama: Theory, Practice, Politics , London and New York, Routledge, 1996, p. 15. Thomas Macaulay’s “Minute on critical essay on the jackson Education” (1835) which argued for the importance of literature in producing Indians “English in acknowledgement about paper, taste, in opinions, and in intellect” was a foundational text in critical essay by shirley, such epistemic colonisation. 10 Lucy Rix, “Maintaining the State of Emergence/y: Aime Cesaire’s Une tempete ”, in Peter Hulme and Bill Sherman, op. Acknowledgement Paper. cit. , p. University Of Maryland. 236-249, p. 239. Quotation from Legitime Defense taken from Lilyan Kesteloot, Black Writers in French , trans. Ellen Conroy Kennedy, Philadelphia, 1974. 11 In our production in about, London, we replaced Baudelaire with Miranda’s line: “O brave new world, that hath such creatures in it!” which always received a good laugh. 12 Gilbert and Tompkins, op. cit. , p. Life Experience Format. 3. 14 See Ibid. , p. 19-25, for a discussion of how Shakespeare was taught and about paper regarded in the colonies. 15 Rob Nixon, “Caribbean and African Appropriations of The Tempest ”, Critical Inquiry 13 (1987), p. 569.

16 See Gilbert and Tompkins, op. cit. , p. 30-31. 17 Paul Brown, “‘This Thing of Darkness I Acknowledge Mine’: The Tempest and the Discourse of Colonialism”, in lottery jackson, Jonathan Dollimore and Alan Sinfield, Eds., Political Shakespeare: New Essays in Cultural Materialism , Manchester, Manchester University Press, 1985, p. 48-71, p. About Term. 48. 19 Although there had been Cambro-Norman-English colonising of Ireland since the life experience in essay twelfth century, this became concerted in the sixteenth century. The colonial experience in acknowledgement term paper, Ireland, along with the Bermuda pamphlets and the colony in Virginia, provided further topical inspiration for The Tempest . 20 Francis Barker and Peter Hulme, “‘Nymphs and Reapers Heavily Vanish’: The Discursive Con-texts of The Tempest ”, in Jonathan Drakakis, Ed., Alternative Shakespeares , London and essays on a comprehensive New York, Methuen, 1985, p. 191-205, p. 204. 21 Aime Cesaire, Discourse on Colonialism , Trans. Joan Pinkham, New York, Monthly Review Press, 2000, p. Term Paper. 32. 22 The Discourse on of shrek Colonialism compares the evils of imperialism with the evil of the Holocaust, the difference being that in the former case the term evils went largely unchronicled and company that writes uncondemned. Caliban says at the climax of the play: “Te vomir.

Toi, tes pompes, tes ?uvres ! Ta blanche toxine !” (87) [“I’d vomit you up, all your pomp and designs! Your white poison!” (57)]. 23 Gonzalo’s idyll-manifesto chimes with the type of cliches trotted out during an exhibition on about “The Happy Antilles” held in Paris in 1945 by the Ministry of papers, Colonies. Poems included described Martinique as an enchanting “Paradis vegetaux”, a “Coffre a baisers” and a “Cher jardin des petits cadeaux”, a “Familiere boite a surprise”. Cited in Rix, op. cit. , p. About. 306. 24 The phrase “noble savage” first appeared in Dryden’s play The Conquest of Granada (1672) although it may have been inspired by a 1609 travelogue about Canada by the French explorer Marc Lescarbot who wrote that the “savages are truly noble”, although this was because they, like French royalty, hunted game. Alexander Pope’s “Essay on Man” describes the “poor Indian” living within nature and touched by dissertation university, grace. Acknowledgement. The travel accounts of such explorers as Louis Antoine de Bougainville and James Cook encouraged a belief in critical lottery by shirley, an Edenic culture residing within the South Seas. Acknowledgement Paper. See Ter Ellingson, The Myth of the Noble Savage , Berkeley, University of writing for postgraduate, California Press, 2001. 25 In Une tempete , Prospero tells Miranda how his prophetic art had “discovered” the acknowledgement term paper precise location of those lands which had been sought for dissertation university, centuries.

His brother Antonio and rival King Alonso of Naples conspire to depose him and steal his “empire a naitre” (20) [“unborn empire” (16)]. Acknowledgement About Paper. This fascinating addition to university of maryland the plot calls to acknowledgement about mind the great powers’ “scramble for Africa” in the nineteenth century and other such contests for territorial domination. Company For You. In response to Gonzalo’s “guano project”, Sebastian says: “Faut-il encore qu’il y ait des bras pour cultiver [les champs]” (40) [“But we’ll still need hands to cultivate [the fields] (29)”. Hands is a convenient, depersonalising euphemism for acknowledgement about term, labour, not least slave labour. Company That For You. Gonzalo’s “plantation” in The tempest leads inevitably to the thoughts of about, slave plantations—across the essays on a comprehensive analysis of shrek Caribbean, the American tropics (North, Central and South) and Africa where King Leopold’s rubber plantation in acknowledgement about term paper, the Congo led to Joseph Conrad’s memorable phrase: “the heart of darkness”.

26 Cf the OED’s definition of pidgin: “any combination and distortion of life experience format, two languages as a means of communication.” Caliban communicates his otherness. Term. According to Alan Lawson and Chris Tiffin: “‘Difference’, which in colonialist discourse connotes a remove from normative European practice, and hence functions as a marker of critical on the lottery by shirley, subordination, is for post-colonial analysis the acknowledgement about term correspondent marker of that, identity, voice, and hence empowerment.” Alan Lawson and Chris Tiffin, “Conclusion: reading difference”, in C. Term. Tiffin and A. Lawson, Eds., De-Scribing Empire: Post-Colonialism and Textuality , London, Routledge, 1994, 230-235, p. 230. 27 Steve Almquist, “Not Quite the Gabbling of that, ‘A Thing Most Brutish’: Caliban’s Kiswahili in Aime Cesaire’s A tempest ”, Callaloo, vol. 29, Number 2, 2006, p. 587-607, p. 587-588. 28 Almquist warns that the word should not be understood in a monolithic way. Paper. Much of the western media demonised and sensationalized the Mau Mau as savage, primitive and anti-Christian, hence the word for many whites raised a frisson of anxiety and fear. That For You. “ Uhuru threatened to demolish the common [white and western] representation of the childlike, faithful, and loyal African.” Ibid. , p. 587. In Robert Ruark’s popular 1962 novel Uhuru , the word evoked for whites a measure of loss—lost power over servants, lost lands, lost security, lost innocence. Acknowledgement Paper. At the same time it identified Africans as bestial and depraved. Writing Essays. “In a sense,” Almquist adds, “Ruark is acknowledgement, recasting Shakespeare’s The Tempest and offering a twentieth-century version of the on the by shirley depraved slave in need of ‘civilizing’”. Ibid. , p. 601. Acknowledgement About Term Paper. At the in Frankenstein same time, there was a burgeoning attraction to about paper the concept and essays for postgraduate linguistic power of Uhuru for those who might feel like modern-day Calibans themselves.

Julius Nyerere, the Tanzanian leader, and a great hero of African de-colonization, used the word. According to Steven Feierman, “Gender, Slavery and Chiefship: Peasant Attempts to Create an Alternative Discourse”, in Peasant Intellectuals: Anthropology and History in Tanzania , Madison, University of about, Wisconsin Press, 1990, p. Papers. 204-222, p. 212, cited by Almquist, “When older people heard Nyerere talk about Uhuru , “freedom” or “independence”, they also knew Uhuru in their observed experience as the release from utung’wa , “slavery” or “pawnship”, which in their thinking presupposed an acknowledgement entire system of descent-group rights in persons.” Almquist writes: “At the same time Uhuru would resonate as a symbolic slogan for overcoming racial oppression worldwide, in East Africa it carried with it the literal sense of freedom from a system of slavery.” Cesaire may or may not have been aware of this further resonance. Life In Essay Format. Almquist, Ibid. , p. 605. For a more expansive discussion of acknowledgement term paper, Uhuru , See Almquist, Ibid. , p. Patterns In Frankenstein. 598-601. 30 Almquist, op. cit. See p. 597.

31 “Freckled” refers to Caliban’s skin colour. Cesaire’s use of the notoriously racist abuse word “monkey” responds acutely to such a derogatory description. 33 Cited in Robert P. Smith and Robert J. Hudson, “Evoking Caliban: Cesaire’s Response to Shakespeare”, CLA Journal, 35,4, 1992, p. 387-399, p. 394. 34 Lucy Rix, op. cit. Term. , p. 237-238, discusses the in Frankenstein drive towards self “whitening” as one of the most insidious obstacles to decolonization in Martinique and how mulattos with their peau chappes (escape skins) sought nothing but the ideal of assimilating into white French culture. The racial ideology, based on the association of the idea of freedom with resemblance, was deeply seated in not just the white but also within the mulatto and black communities as well. 35 In his Course in General Linguistics , Ferdinand de Saussure (posthumous inspirer of Structuralism) conceives of language as composed of the acknowledgement about overarching general structure, langue , and localized, contextual utterances he calls parole . He provides the metaphor of the orchestra to elucidate his concept. As each musician warms up, there is a form of cacophony; only when the conductor conducts, is dissertation of maryland, there symphonic music. So general communication can only come through langue as opposed to about the specificities of company that papers for you, parole ’s localized discourse. Acknowledgement About Term. See Ferdinand de Saussure, Course in General Linguistics , Trans.

Roy Harris, La Salle, Illinois, Open Court, 1983. Yet Prospero’s logocentric view (in which he corresponds to the logos , both speech and reason) amounts to an absolutist insensitivity to cultural context. He rejects fluidity and, with blind ignorance and arrogance, seeks to impose his own cultural code. 36 Chris Tiffin and Alan Lawson, Eds., De-Scribing Empire: Post-Colonialism and Textuality , London, Routledge, 1994, p. 6. 37 Indeed, in on a, an exciting addition to about term paper the original plot, the scientific Prospero sneers in recollecting his near-persecution at the hands of the Patterns in Frankenstein Inquisition (“etres de nuit” (21) [“creatures of darkness” (17)]) who wished to try him over charges of necromancy and sorcery. Cesaire casts Gonzalo as a pious buffoon whose catechism lesson on acknowledgement about term the difference between an act of contrition and an act of on the lottery, attrition satirically evokes the Christian will to reconciliation and forgiveness so central to The Tempest . Acknowledgement About Term. His later attempted exorcism of Caliban, which the latter meets with laughter, and then the handing him over to the “bras seculier” (86) [“secular arm” (56)], ie Prospero, to do with as he will, chillingly calls to mind the complicity of the Church in the ruthless execution of the colonial enterprise and the persecution of indigenous peoples in the guise of saving their souls (as recalled in the murals of Diego Rivera in Mexico City).

38 See the citation at the start of this article to see how this speech continues. 39 According to Michel Giraud, “Dialectics of Descent and dissertation university Phenotypes in Racial Classification in Martinique”, in about, Richard D.E. Burton and Fred Reno, ed.s, French and West Indian: Martinique, Guadaloupe and French Guiana Today, London, 1995, p. 75-85, racism in Martinique was deeply internalized. 40 Gilbert and Tompkins, op. cit. , p. Patterns. 12. 41 Helen Tiffin, “Post-colonial literatures and counter-discourse”, in Kunapipi 9:3, 17-34, p. 17. Acknowledgement About. Tiffin adjudges that, “Decolonization is for postgraduate, process, not arrival.” 43 Bob Marley and acknowledgement term paper the Wailers, Buffalo Soldier , 1980, on the posthumously released Confrontation LP, Tuff Gong/Island Records, 1983.

44 The Yoruba are a people of western Nigeria and critical essay on the jackson neighbouring regions. A syncretistic religion of Shango is widespread across the Caribbean and in Brazil. In La Tragedie du Roi Christophe , Henri Christophe, who wished to honour and restore the grandeur of acknowledgement about term paper, his people, represents Shango. Like Caliban-X, he recognises how the slavers and in Frankenstein colonialists robbed the people of term paper, their history and names of pride. Aime Cesaire, La Tragedie du Roi Christophe , Paris, Presence Africaine, 1970. 45 See Gilbert and Tompkins, op. cit. , p. 32-33, for Patterns, a reading of this scene which epitomises “the slave’s ability to counter his master’s power over representation”. “This counter-utopian moment critiques both the ritual contexts and the performance codes of The Tempest’s masque, substituting a ceremony that attests to the unconstrained vitality of acknowledgement term paper, Afro-Caribbean culture.” See Rix, op. That Papers For You. cit. , p. 240, where she writes of Cesaire’s appropriation of surrealism in paper, his arsenal of cultural resistance. Surrealism “aimed to shock the prim bourgeoisie with a production of humorous, vulgar gestures that attempted to undermine the validity and authority of that writes for you, high-brow Western culture.” It is also pertinent to point out here that Caliban-X categorically denies trying to rape Miranda, a reason given for acknowledgement term paper, his bondage in Shakespeare’s play. Rather he says to essays for postgraduate Prospero: “Dis-donc, vieux bouc, tu me pretes tes idees libidineuses” (27) [“Listen, old goat, you’ve foisted your own lustful cravings on me (21)].” In Shakespeare’s original, Caliban is cast as an unbridled wild man, the wild man being the very image of desire. 46 When reminded of being imprisoned in the cloven pine, Ariel dreams of having metamorphosed into a tree, Ovid-style. He dreams of both palms and ceiba trees (Caribbean) but also the baobab, home to the hornbill (Africa). 47 See Bill Ashcroft, Gareth Griffiths, Helen Tiffin, The Empire Writes Back: Theory and Practice in acknowledgement paper, Post-Colonial Literatures , London, Routledge, 1989.

Some creole is spoken in The Tragedy of King Christophe . Op. cit. Philip Crispin , « A Tempestuous Translation: Aime Cesaire’s Une tempete », Itineraires , 2010-4 | 2010, 137-161. Philip Crispin , « A Tempestuous Translation: Aime Cesaire’s Une tempete », Itineraires [En ligne], 2010-4 | 2010, mis en ligne le 01 decembre 2010, consulte le 05 octobre 2017. URL : http://itineraires.revues.org/1746 ; DOI : 10.4000/itineraires.1746. University of dissertation university, Hull, England. « Banlieues » : entre imaginaires et experiences 2016-2 | 2017.

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How to about term paper, Write An Effective Resume and CV. February 26, 2014 - Global labor trends show that millions and millions of company that papers for you, people every year are unemployed, and should they seek jobs, they would face rigorous screening processes. Acknowledgement Paper. This is due to changes in the operations, structures, and spending of many companies caused by essays comprehensive analysis of shrek, unpredictable economic circumstances and acknowledgement term, technological developments replacing a huge part of the human force. Essays For Postgraduate. Adding to the worry of any job applicant is the term tight competition with other job seekers. One crucial way to beat those odds is to stand out. To be noticed in a crowd of names and faces is to make your first impression unforgettable, and this first impression is in the form of a piece of paper which celebrates the in Frankenstein history of your milestones and acknowledgement about term paper, feats: your resume . The Six-second Look: Why Does A Resume Need to be Catchy and Effective? A study by TheLadders, a job-matching service and dissertation of maryland, employment site in New York, reveals how recruiters actually look into piles of curriculum vitae (CV) and resume. These are the company’s findings:

“…recruiters spend about 6 seconds before they make the initial “fit/no fit” decision. That means prioritizing information is essential.” “…recruiters tend to follow a consistent visual path when reviewing both resumes and about term, online profiles, so an organized layout is crucial.” “…professionally written resumes have a clear visual hierarchy and present relevant information where recruiters expect it, these documents quickly guide recruiters to dissertation university, a yes/no decision.” Hence, a well-polished resume with enough information that matches the specific job requirements is likely to get noticed. Today, this guide will take you to the nitty-gritty of writing an effective resume. This is not a magic wand that will transport you to acknowledgement term paper, the office of your dream job, but this will detail the essentials that will help refine your first impression to essay on the lottery by shirley jackson, your potential employer and possibly your confidence to share what you have been achieving all along: The difference between a resume and a CV The CV The Resume Types of acknowledgement about term, Resume Different Parts of a Resume Tips on Writing a Resume. The Difference Between A Resume and A CV. A resume is a formal document that showcases the basic yet crucial information about writing, a person’s education and professional experience. These details are expected to be relevant to the requirements of a particular position one is applying for. According to The Bates College in Maine, a resume is typically for about term paper job seekers in the field of business, industry, governmental, and non-profit jobs.

Its purpose is to help you land an interview. On the other hand, the San Francisco State University stresses that a CV is longer and on a of shrek, more detailed. In fact, a Ph.D. student may come up with a two-to-three page CV while those with extensive professional experience might produce seven to eight pages. Moreover, a CV is often for graduate school and academic positions, such as faculty positions, internships and even grant, scholarship, and fellowship applications. Also, there are professionals sending CVs to companies abroad since they have no idea what Human Resources are looking for in such documents yet. In essence, a CV can be compared to acknowledgement about term, a huge database of a person’s achievements.

The University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill shares that a standard CV has the following elements: Name / Contact Information : your contact information or contact information of your current office or place of employment (unless your job application is not confidential) Areas of Interest: different fields, expertise, or academic interests Education: a detailed list of degrees earned or in progress, institutions, and years of Patterns, graduation. The titles of dissertation or thesis can be placed under this category. Acknowledgement. Grants, Honors and Awards: grants received, honors for previous work, or awards given for writing for postgraduate teaching service. Term Paper. Publications and essays, Presentations: published manuscripts, articles, abstracts, technical papers, and books and presentations given at conventions and conferences. This category can be split into two depending on acknowledgement term, the length of the information. Employment and Experience: lists of teaching experiences, laboratory/ field/volunteer work, leadership roles, or other relevant experiences. Life Experience In Essay Format. Scholarly or Professional Memberships: professional organizations of term paper, which you are a member or officer References: p ersons who can recommend you and properly describe your work attitude and competence, with their position, institution and contact information. Others are Professional Certification (certification, licensure, endorsements, and special training), Academic Service (advising, university involvement, outreach, and university assignments) and Professional Activities (conference participation, conference presentation, invited lectures, and company writes, conference leadership). You may check these links for sample CVs:

Meanwhile, the resume is for those who have just begun or approaching the middle of the journey of their career. According to the Cal Alumni Association of the term University of Califoria-Berkeley, a resume is a summary that is meant for company that papers for you a specific job. About. It is a nest of the dissertation highlights of one’s career and education that mirror what a specific role is looking for. Hence, it has to be crisp yet substantial enough for your potential employer or recruiter. You have to advertise, in about a professional way, your achievement, skills, and university of maryland, experience to an institution that is looking for the kind of talent you have and help you grow what you currently have. Because of varying jobs, role expectations, requirements, culture, and nature of work, not all resumes are the same. There are three types of resume according to acknowledgement term paper, Wilma Fellman, author of Finding A Career that Works for You , as seen on myadhd.com: 1) Chronological Resume. This type of resume displays work experiences in reverse chronological order (most recent to least recent) and itemizes the duties of each job “rather than the specific abilities, skills, and accomplishments you possess to perform the job well. Highlights a record of experience in essay, steady employment Expected by acknowledgement about term paper, many employers Easiest to prepare Highlights companies you have worked for that have a good reputation.

Often does not focus on skills Emphasizes job hopping Emphasizes large gaps in your work history” Check a sample chronological resume here. 2) Functional Resume . This details one’s skills and achievements as opposed to dates, positions, and duties that can be seen in a chronological type of resume. If the previous category focuses on the past milestones, a functional resume highlights what one can do for the potential employer. This is actually ideal for comprehensive analysis those who do not have enough work experience yet or have large gaps in acknowledgement term their employment background. But this requires extensive examination of one’s skills that can benefit the prospective company. Emphasizes skills and Patterns in Frankenstein, accomplishments De-emphasizes spotty job history or frequent job changes Focuses on acknowledgement about term paper, what you can do (future) rather than on only what you have done (past)

Is not familiar to employers, who may feel something is missing Provides no opportunity to highlight certain employers Offers no clear work history” Check a sample functional resume here. 3) Combination Resume . Patterns In Frankenstein. Fellman believes that this type of resume is a bit difficult to write, especially that it combines both the acknowledgement about term characteristics of the chronological resume and functional resume. Essentially, this type of document covers a brief employment history presented chronologically, and lottery by shirley jackson, identifies skills and competencies, such as job titles and dates. Provides what employers are used to term, seeing—a work history as well as skills and accomplishments. Essay On The Lottery Jackson. Provides employers with dates in your work history so they can determine how long you have stayed at different jobs, and if there have been any significant gaps in employment.

A little more difficult to prepare. Check a sample combination resume here. Here are other links containing comprehensive examples of resume: 1) The Heading. This comprises the about paper personal information that are pertinent to your job application. This includes: Full name (it should stand out from the in essay rest of the paper) Permanent/temporary address A professional email address Website URL (if it contains professional information or showcases your portfolio. 2) Objective Statement / Summary . About Paper. This briefly announces the kind of work you want to in Frankenstein, pursue, the type of company you want to work for, and about term paper, why you can perform it well (relevant skills, knowledge, or experience).

Often, the more specific your objective is, the more realistic and convincing it would sound. Take a look at essays analysis, this example from about paper UCSD: 9500 Gilman Drive /San Diego, CA 92093 / (858) 534-3750 / student@ucsd.edu. To obtain an International Trade Coordinator position with the life World Trade Center, San Diego using. organizational ability, knowledge of foreign cultures, languages and research skills. 3) Education . This is term paper a crucial part especially for new graduates and those who are just starting their career. Essays On A Comprehensive. According to the Geneva College in Pennsylvania, this section should contain: Your current college Date of expected completion Other institutions you’ve attended The degree (Associate, Bachelor, Master) Your major Minors or concentrations, if you have them GPA if higher than 3.0. Other categories that may be relevant are: major courses you’ve taken; research presentations; large projects or papers; simulations. 4) Skills and Qualifications . These should be marketable and term, fitting to the job requirements one is applying for. One should list relevant skills, such as those in computer operations, language proficiency, interpersonal communication, work attitude, and others that appear beneficial to the desired company or role.

Example (Global’s resume): Excellent oral and written communication skills Fluent in spoken and life, written Spanish Extensive international travel, including, France, Spain, Germany and Mexico Broad background and knowledge of world affairs and cultures Ability to respond quickly to paper, changing circumstances Proficient in Patterns in Frankenstein Word, Excel, PowerPoint, internet and email. 5) Experience. This segment serves as a proof of one’s capability to handle a similar job or to expand skills according to the needs or requirement of the position. This also showcases one’s adeptness and practical knowledge of the field. Among the details to write here are part- and full-time work, paid and unpaid internships, volunteer positions, and about term, leadership positions. According to that writes, the Purdue University, each item should be presented with the following: Name and term, address of company or organization Employment dates Position title Responsibilities (remember to list the lottery by shirley jackson number of employees you supervised if you have management experience) Awards and promotions (employers are very interested in your achievements and acknowledgement about, success.

Awards and promotions show an employer that you have been recognized for your hard work) Check Global’s Experience section: President , UCSD International Affairs Group, San Diego, CA (9/20xx – present) Organize monthly speaker series increasing student awareness of international affairs topics Coordinate community service and social activities leading to strong membership retention Recruit employers to speak at events resulting in networking opportunities for students Communicate with more than 20 members via weekly e-mails and timely website updates. Discussion Leader, Language Conversation Tables, Mexico City, Mexico (7/20xx – 6/20xx) Facilitated table discussions with diverse international student group on a weekly basis Interacted with residents, heightening understanding and appreciation of essays, other cultures Participated in local community visits to discuss U.S.-Mexico cultural connections. Server, Chili’s Restaurant, National City, CA (4/20xx – 11/20xx) Communicated with a variety of customers on term, menu orders, sometimes speaking in Spanish Served more than 75 customers per shift using multi-tasking and critical essay by shirley, teamwork skills with staff.

6) Honors / Awards / Activities. This part would add credibility to the applicant as it displays one’s awards, recognition, honor (dean’s list, leadership awards, certifications, or positions in an organization). See this other example from USCD: • TESC Representative, Society of Women Engineers at UCSD, July 20xx-Present. • Active Member, Tau Beta Pi, National Engineering Honor Society, Sept 20xx – Present.

• Provost’s Honors, Fall xx, Spring xx, Spring xx. • Excellence Award in Writing – JEO National Journalism Convention, June 20xx. 7) References . This category shows a list of people that recruiters or employers can contact to acknowledgement, gain more insights about you as an company for you, applicant. The Geneva College specifies what employers should see in this section: Title the page References and center it between the left and right margins. Then provide entries for each person, including their: Name (include Dr. if it applies, or Mr./Ms. if their gender is not obvious) Job title Place of paper, employment Address Email address Phone number. A plain white paper, according to the University of Pittsburgh Johnstown (UPJ) , remains to be “the most businesslike.” However, colored paper can be acceptable depending on the nature of work. For Postgraduate. Award-winning resume expert Laura Smith-Proulx shares in acknowledgement term paper her article that there are resume color rules, such as using a particular color to highlight a part of essay on the by shirley jackson, a resume.

In a Forbes article, experts recommend clear and about term paper, neat resumes but applicants who are eyeing a position in creative fields such as digital strategy can use their resume to essay on the lottery jackson, “shine” but they need to term, keep the information substantial. UPJ explains that among the life experience layout elements that applicants must consider when writing a resume are: dividing lines, white space, good spacing, headings, and margins. “By being “eye catching”, your resume may separate itself from about others.” UPJ also stresses that there is no perfect way to writes, organize a resume, but all resumes have things in acknowledgement paper common: no spelling, punctuation, or grammatical errors. You can practice the formatting using the Patterns in Frankenstein resume worksheets of the Maine Community College System here. An article from The New York Times shares studies proving that words affect the brain, particularly the sensory cortex. Acknowledgement Term Paper. Hence, it is on the lottery by shirley important to note that the use of brief yet powerful words make the job descriptions, skills and acknowledgement, experience more unforgettable and affecting. Here are helpful links containing words you can use for your resume: Here are guiding principles on writing a resume that you can keep in mind as you gather details, develop its structure, and Patterns, style it according to your desired job, company, or field: Conduct some research about your industry, company, or prospective employers. Know their mission-vision, culture, achievements, objectives, operations, structure, and about term paper, external relations. On A Of Shrek. This set of data will give you a clue about the credentials you will prioritize in your resume. Be more specific with your achievements.

Instead of saying “managed inventory books,” write “computed and recorded inventory valuation on a monthly basis.” This way, your future boss, who may be too busy to clarify details like this, can assess your qualifications easily. Keep on updating your resume. It is a record of your milestones, your favorite history. This may also mean going beyond the paper: being updated with the trends of your industry, connecting with people and organizations in about your field, and attending conventions and seminars. This way, you can be sure that what you put in dissertation university of maryland paper is keeping up with the changes. Acknowledgement About. Be honest.

The resume can only help you get a foot in the door of your dream job, because the words, numbers, and details you put there should speak louder in person as you face the interview, perform the job, and writing, work with your boss and the people around you.